Alfred Jarry


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Jarry, Alfred

(älfrĕd` zhärē`), 1873–1907, French author. He was well known in Paris for his eccentric and dissolute behavior and for his insistence on the superiority of hallucinations over rational intelligence. His most famous work is the satirical farce Ubu Roi [Ubu the king] (1896, tr. 1961), with a repulsive and cowardly hero based on one of his old schoolteachers. He also wrote surrealistic verse stories, which, although witty, are also blasphemous and scatological. They include Les Minutes de sable mémorial [the moments of a monument in sand] (1894), César-Antéchrist [Caesar-Antichrist] (1895, tr. 1972), L'Amour en visites [love on visits] (1898), L'Amour absolu [absolute love] (1899), and Le Surmale (1902), as well as another play, Ubu enchaîné [Ubu in chains] (1902).

Bibliography

See his Ubu Plays (tr. 1969); biography by A. Brotchie (2011); study by K. Beaumont (1985).

Jarry, Alfred

 

Born Sept. 8, 1873, in Laval, Mayenne Department; died Nov. 1, 1907, in Paris. French writer.

Jarry became known for his grotesque comic farce Ubu roi (1896). The character of his depraved and ruthless hero, typified in the spirit of guignol traditions, contains a criticism of the bourgeois world. In The Almanacs of Papa Ubu (1899) and the play Ubu Enslaved (1900), Jarry satirically exposed the sociopolitical and moral principles in France of his day. He published the novels Days and Nights (1897) and The Supermale (1902). In The Deeds and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll (1898), Jarry ridiculed the philistine “common sense.” His experimental writings, imbued with the spirit of negation, influenced such writers as Apollinaire, lonesco, A. Adamov, and L. Aragon.

WORKS

Oeuvres complètes, vols. 1–8. Paris, 1948.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol.4. Moscow, 1963.
Balashov, N. I. “Apolliner i ego mesto vo frantsuzskoi poezii.” In Apolliner, G.: Stikhi. Moscow, 1967.
Lot, F. Alfred Jarry, son oeuvre. Paris, 1934.
Levesque, L-H. Alfred Jarry. [Paris, 1954 and 1967.]
Perche, L. Jarry. Paris, 1965.

G. K. KOSIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The artists' eclectic repertoire of sources ranges from Sextus Propertius and Plautus through Victor Hugo and Alfred Jarry to Jorge Luis Borges and Rene Daumal, from whose 1938 novel A Night of Serious Drinking they've borrowed the term ahyssology, the study of the abyss, applying it to their creative practice.
Suppose that you were to ask me now to further typify this novel, somewhat in the same fashion as Alfred Jarry when subtitling his various opuses (Faustroll is "A Neo-scientific Novel"; Days and Nights is a "Novel of a Deserter"; Messalina is "A Novel of Imperial Rome"; The Supermale, is "A Modern Novel"), I would be tempted to write, simply, that it's "A Comic Novel," without that preventing me from asking the question: what sort of laughter are we talking about?
But the irritation, at least I found, begins to wear off as the reader becomes drawn into free flowing conversations with art, artists and critics and the creative pursuit of connections, usually visual, often seemingly unlikely within modern art, from the similarities between Guido Reni's Massacre of the Innocents and Picasso's Guernica, to William Anastasi's excavation of 'obscure yet amazingly proliferate connections between Alfred Jarry, the proto-Dadaist .
The Ubu Plays are a swirling fusion of dada, surrealism, Theater of Cruelty, and Theater of the Absurd--except that they predate and anticipate all of those movements, which emerged from the boundless imagination of Alfred Jarry.
The uncomprehending audience of pompous twits during an opening of Rousseau's work is shown--in a burlesque manner--by depicting them as they would have been seen by Alfred Jarry, Rousseu's one friend who understood his genius and was able to write intelligently about it.
232: Ubu Roi murder farces - French satirical farce (1896) by Alfred Jarry
Second-year BA (Hons) degree students are leading the way with their performance of the controversial Ubu Rex, written by Alfred Jarry.
An important symbol in his letters was the "debraining machine" which he borrowed from the work of the pre-surrealist playwright Alfred Jarry.
His most famous book, in some ways his best, was also his first: The Banquet Years: The Origins of the Avant-Garde in France, 1885 to World War I (1958), a quirky, seductive, utterly original romp through the work of Henri Rousseau, Alfred Jarry, Erik Satie, and Guillaume Apollinaire.
Surrealism was his life and he became an editor, anthologist, translator of the avante-garde in modern French literature and was a member of the College de Pataphysique, a group of intellectuals, whose purpose was to promulgate the works of Alfred Jarry, the French writer and mocker of bourgeois conventions.
For calculatedly unconventional figures such as Charles Baudelaire, Paul Verlaine, Arthur Rimbaud, Alfred Jarry, Oscar Wilde, and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, absinthe was a symbol as well as an intoxicant.
Taking their name from the Alfred Jarry play, the Cleveland outfit have now been leading exponents of post-punk experimental art rock for 27 years, albeit with 1982-1987 hiatus as frontman David Thomas pursued a solo career.