Alfred Jarry


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Jarry, Alfred

(älfrĕd` zhärē`), 1873–1907, French author. He was well known in Paris for his eccentric and dissolute behavior and for his insistence on the superiority of hallucinations over rational intelligence. His most famous work is the satirical farce Ubu Roi [Ubu the king] (1896, tr. 1961), with a repulsive and cowardly hero based on one of his old schoolteachers. He also wrote surrealistic verse stories, which, although witty, are also blasphemous and scatological. They include Les Minutes de sable mémorial [the moments of a monument in sand] (1894), César-Antéchrist [Caesar-Antichrist] (1895, tr. 1972), L'Amour en visites [love on visits] (1898), L'Amour absolu [absolute love] (1899), and Le Surmale (1902), as well as another play, Ubu enchaîné [Ubu in chains] (1902).

Bibliography

See his Ubu Plays (tr. 1969); biography by A. Brotchie (2011); study by K. Beaumont (1985).

Jarry, Alfred

 

Born Sept. 8, 1873, in Laval, Mayenne Department; died Nov. 1, 1907, in Paris. French writer.

Jarry became known for his grotesque comic farce Ubu roi (1896). The character of his depraved and ruthless hero, typified in the spirit of guignol traditions, contains a criticism of the bourgeois world. In The Almanacs of Papa Ubu (1899) and the play Ubu Enslaved (1900), Jarry satirically exposed the sociopolitical and moral principles in France of his day. He published the novels Days and Nights (1897) and The Supermale (1902). In The Deeds and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll (1898), Jarry ridiculed the philistine “common sense.” His experimental writings, imbued with the spirit of negation, influenced such writers as Apollinaire, lonesco, A. Adamov, and L. Aragon.

WORKS

Oeuvres complètes, vols. 1–8. Paris, 1948.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol.4. Moscow, 1963.
Balashov, N. I. “Apolliner i ego mesto vo frantsuzskoi poezii.” In Apolliner, G.: Stikhi. Moscow, 1967.
Lot, F. Alfred Jarry, son oeuvre. Paris, 1934.
Levesque, L-H. Alfred Jarry. [Paris, 1954 and 1967.]
Perche, L. Jarry. Paris, 1965.

G. K. KOSIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Hallamos secuencias de humor negro al estilo del teatro del absurdo de Eugene Ionesco y de Samuel Beckett pero muy especialmente de Alfred Jarry el inventor de la patafisica, la ciencia de las soluciones imaginarias en su obra Gestas y opiniones del Doctor Faustroll, patafisico.
But the irritation, at least I found, begins to wear off as the reader becomes drawn into free flowing conversations with art, artists and critics and the creative pursuit of connections, usually visual, often seemingly unlikely within modern art, from the similarities between Guido Reni's Massacre of the Innocents and Picasso's Guernica, to William Anastasi's excavation of 'obscure yet amazingly proliferate connections between Alfred Jarry, the proto-Dadaist .
The Ubu Plays are a swirling fusion of dada, surrealism, Theater of Cruelty, and Theater of the Absurd--except that they predate and anticipate all of those movements, which emerged from the boundless imagination of Alfred Jarry.
The Third Policeman celebrates, albeit skeptically, a metafictional poetics that was also embraced by pataphysics, a concept introduced by Alfred Jarry and embraced by the Oulipo, and which has echoes in writers such as Joyce and Cortazar.
The uncomprehending audience of pompous twits during an opening of Rousseau's work is shown--in a burlesque manner--by depicting them as they would have been seen by Alfred Jarry, Rousseu's one friend who understood his genius and was able to write intelligently about it.
232: Ubu Roi murder farces - French satirical farce (1896) by Alfred Jarry
Second-year BA (Hons) degree students are leading the way with their performance of the controversial Ubu Rex, written by Alfred Jarry.
An important symbol in his letters was the "debraining machine" which he borrowed from the work of the pre-surrealist playwright Alfred Jarry.
Alfred Jarry (1873-1907) is a notoriously difficult author to approach, and not only because it is easy to be diverted by the Ubu plays, which were only a minor part of his output.
Ejemplos de esto son los profundos sonetos cincelados por el escultor Michelangelo Buonarotti; las ilustraciones de Blake para sus propios textos; los agudos comentarios de Goya bajo sus grabados; las pinturas del escritor Victor Hugo; los textos poeticos de Paul Klee; las pinturas y dibujos de Federico Garcia Lorca; los escritos de Frida Kahlo; las obras teatrales de Pablo Picasso; las novelas extraordinarias del pintor Adolfo Couve; las fotos del poeta Bertoni; las foto-montajes del escritor Sergio Marras; los escritores y pintores surrealistas Leonora Carrington y Alfred Jarry y muchos otros.
His most famous book, in some ways his best, was also his first: The Banquet Years: The Origins of the Avant-Garde in France, 1885 to World War I (1958), a quirky, seductive, utterly original romp through the work of Henri Rousseau, Alfred Jarry, Erik Satie, and Guillaume Apollinaire.