Alfred Von Schlieffen
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Schlieffen, Alfred Von
Born Feb. 28, 1833, in Berlin; died there Jan. 4, 1913. German military theoretician. General field marshal (1911). Count.
Schlieffen served in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71 as a staff officer. He served as chief of the General Staff from 1891 to 1905, in which post he improved the training of General Staff officers. As a follower of H. Moltke the elder and one of the ideologists of German militarism, Schlieffen developed a theory for surrounding and wiping out an enemy by a decisive strike against one or two flanks. Schlieffen was the author of a plan for warfare on two fronts, against France and Russia.
WORKSGesammelte Schriften, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1913.
In Russian translation:
Kanny, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1938.