Alfred Von Schlieffen


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Schlieffen, Alfred Von

 

Born Feb. 28, 1833, in Berlin; died there Jan. 4, 1913. German military theoretician. General field marshal (1911). Count.

Schlieffen served in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71 as a staff officer. He served as chief of the General Staff from 1891 to 1905, in which post he improved the training of General Staff officers. As a follower of H. Moltke the elder and one of the ideologists of German militarism, Schlieffen developed a theory for surrounding and wiping out an enemy by a decisive strike against one or two flanks. Schlieffen was the author of a plan for warfare on two fronts, against France and Russia.

WORKS

Gesammelte Schriften, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1913.
In Russian translation:
Kanny, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1938.
References in periodicals archive ?
The war plan that Germany ultimately adopted was created by Count Alfred von Schlieffen, chief of the General Staff from 1891 to 1905.
In 1905 Count Alfred von Schlieffen, Chief of the General Staff, decided that by sending his armies through Belgium he could defeat France within weeks, leaving Russia an easy target.
Without getting bogged down in terminology, he shows that most leaders in the German Army had no doubt that when war came, they would wage it using the "operational concept devised" by Count Alfred von Schlieffen in 1905 (xii).
During his tenure as the chief of the Great General Staff (1891-1906), Field Marshal Alfred von Schlieffen (1833-1913) extensively used staff rides and war games to educate higher commanders and their staffs and rehearse his war plans.
In studying military history, one should avoid applying a historical example of one era to completely changed contemporary conditions, as Chief of the General Staff Field Marshal Alfred von Schlieffen (1833-1913) did.
A German plan for the invasion of Western Europe had been prepared by Count Alfred Von Schlieffen in 1906.
But his loopy scheme was dropped after Chief of the General Staff, Field Marshal Alfred von Schlieffen, declared in a memo: "This is madness
The Chief of the General Staff, Alfred von Schlieffen, arrived at a solution in the first draft of the plan in 1905 that was dictated by geography--France was closer--and technology--Russia could only mobilize slowly, taking at least six weeks.