Alger Hiss


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Alger Hiss
Birthday
BirthplaceBaltimore, Maryland, United States
Died
EducationBaltimore City College high school Johns Hopkins University Harvard Law School

Hiss, Alger

(ăl`jər), 1904–96, American public official, b. Baltimore. After serving (1929–30) as secretary to Justice Oliver Wendell HolmesHolmes, Oliver Wendell,
1841–1935, American jurist, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1902–32), b. Boston; son of the writer Oliver Wendell Holmes.
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, Hiss practiced law in Boston and New York City. He then was attached to the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (1933–35) and to the Dept. of Justice (1935–36). He entered the Dept. of State in 1936 and rose rapidly to become an adviser at various international conferences and a coordinator of American foreign policy. In 1947, he resigned his government post to become president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. In Aug., 1948, Whittaker ChambersChambers, Whittaker,
1901–61, U.S. journalist and spy, b. Philadelphia. He joined the U.S. Communist party in 1925 and wrote for its newspaper before engaging (1935–38) in espionage for the USSR. He left the party in 1939 and began working for Time magazine.
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, a magazine editor and former Communist party courier, accused Hiss of having helped transmit confidential government documents to the Russians. Hiss denied these charges; since, under the statute of limitations, he could not be tried for espionage, he was indicted (Dec., 1948) on two counts of perjury. When he was first brought to trial in 1949, the jury was unable to reach a decision. At a second trial Hiss was found guilty (Jan., 1950) and sentenced to a five-year prison term. His trial created great controversy; many believed that the Federal Bureau of Investigation had tampered with evidence in order to secure a conviction. Hiss was released from prison in Nov., 1954, his term shortened for good conduct. In 1957 he wrote In the Court of Public Opinion, in which he denied all charges against him. Hiss maintained his innocence to his death; Soviet files made public in 1995 convinced most observers that he had been guilty, but controversy lingers.

Bibliography

See W. Chambers, Witness (1952, repr. 1983); R. Seth, The Sleeping Truth: The Hiss-Chambers Affair Reappraised (1968); A. Weinstein, Perjury: The Hiss-Chambers Case (1978).

Hiss, Alger (1904–)

imprisoned for perjury during espionage hearings. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 1247]
See: Perjury

Hiss, Alger

(1904–  ) lawyer, government official; born in Baltimore, Md. A lawyer who had clerked with Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, he went to work for President Roosevelt's New Deal, eventually joining the State Department. He rose rapidly in the State Department (1936–45), going with President Roosevelt to Yalta. He was President of the Carnegie Endowment for Peace (1945–49) when Whittaker Chambers accused him of having been a spy for the Russians. Convicted of perjury in 1950, he went to prison for four years, writing and lecturing in his own defense afterward. In 1992 a Russian with access to Soviet files announced that Hiss had never been a Soviet agent, but this seemed unlikely to put a complete end to the controversy that had surrounded Hiss since 1948.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was Alger Hiss who was Roosevelt's right hand at the fateful Yalta Conference that gave Joseph Stalin a free hand to carve up Asia and Eastern Europe and consigned much of humanity to communist torture, death, and tyranny.
Anti-communist hysteria in the US had reached its height by 1948 when Whittaker Chambers accused Alger Hiss of being a dues-paying communist.
McCarran, and Alger Hiss, public officials claiming the country's best interests, took center stage in "Red Scares" that shook the foundation of the land.
Will we next learn of microfilm hidden in hollowed-out pumpkins as in the old Alger Hiss, Whittaker Chambers days?
Mark presented papers worldwide, most recently at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington on the infamous Alger Hiss.
Some of the episodes, such as the debate over the alleged treason of State Department official Alger Hiss, or the "atomic spy" cases epitomized by that of Julius Rosenherg, became political litmus tests for generations of Americans.
Their "Case Closed" chapter on Alger Hiss, for one, lives up to its billing.
In January, 1988, I was appointed to the Alger Hiss Chair of Social Studies at Bard College.
Roosevelt's decisions to intern Japanese-Americans and to try a group of Nazi saboteurs by military commission received broad public support and the sanction of the Supreme Court; in 1949-50, after the Communist takeover of China, the Soviet atomic tests, the North Korean invasion of South Korea, the Alger Hiss case, and the atomic spy cases, all of the measures to curb communist activity had enthusiastic support.
State Department official Alger Hiss, whose espionage case actually predated the rise of Sen.
Professor Holmes himself points to the example of Alger Hiss, who 'was certainly not speaking the whole truth when he was interviewed for the series' but then Hiss was being interviewed principally about the Yalta conference and not about his alleged spying activities on behalf of the Soviet Union.
One action of yours for which I will always be grateful was your going on a TV program when ABC had the bad manners to put Alger Hiss on to nail my coffin shut after my defeat for governor of California.