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a group of linguistically related Indian tribes, the earliest inhabitants of North America; they were hunters, fishermen, and early farmers.

The Algonquins lived in the vast expanse from the Atlantic coast to the Rocky Mountains. Territorially, four groups of Algonquins can be distinguished: northeastern—including the Cree, Montaignais, Naskapi, and Micmac; Atlantic—including the Abnaki, Narraganset, Massachuset, and Powhatan—who were almost completely exterminated in the early stages of the European colonization of the continent; central—including the Mohegan, Delaware, Miami, Illinois, Ottawa, Ojibway, Shawnee, the Algonquin proper, and Menominee—who left their mark on the toponymy; and western—Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Atsina. Remnants of Algonquin tribes live on reservations in the USA (100,000) and in Canada (75,000; 1961). The Salishan (12,000 in the USA, 15,000 in Canada) and the Wakashan (6,000 in Canada), tribes who live on the Pacific shore of North America, are linguistically close to the Algonquins.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 1. Moscow, 1959.


References in periodicals archive ?
Robin Tinney, an Algonquin sculptor, has curated an exhibition entitled "Finding Critical Mass", which runs Aug.
The exhibit, supported by a $3,000 grant from the town of Bancroft and donations from the Algonquin communities, ".
The 10 Algonquin communities of Ontario are made up of status and non-status members from Antoine,
The standoff prompted harsh criticism of the federal government by a prominent Liberal MP, Clifford Lincoln, a former advisor to the Algonquins and one-time Quebec Minister of Environment.
What the Algonquins were doing with the trilateral agreement was unique, a real trail blazer.
Three weeks into the standoff, the Algonquins reported that they had yet to be contacted by the government to discuss their grievances.
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