Ali

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Related to Ali Bin Abi Taleb: Ali bin Abi Talib

Ali

(älē`) (Ali ibn Abu Talib), 598?–661, 4th caliph (656–61). The debate over his right to the caliphatecaliphate
, the rulership of Islam; caliph , the spiritual head and temporal ruler of the Islamic state. In principle, Islam is theocratic: when Muhammad died, a caliph [Arab.,=successor] was chosen to rule in his place.
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 caused a major split in Islam into SunniSunni
[Arab. Sunna,=tradition], from ahl al-sunnah wa-l-jamaa [Arab.,=the people of the custom of the Prophet and community], the largest division of Islam. Sunni Islam is the heir to the early central Islamic state, in its ackowledgement of the legitimacy of the order of
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 and ShiiteShiites
[Arab., shiat Ali,=the party of Ali], the second largest branch of Islam, Shiites currently account for 10%–15% of all Muslims. Shiite Islam originated as a political movement supporting Ali (cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam) as the
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 branches, and he is regarded by the Shiites as the first Imam, or leader: Shiite derives from the phrase shi-at Ali [Ar.,=the party of Ali]. He was the son of Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle, but was more closely related to the Prophet as the husband of FatimaFatima
, 616?–633?, daughter of Muhammad by his first wife, Khadija. Fatima was the wife of Ali, the mother of Hasan and Husein, and reputedly the ancestress of the Fatimids. She is revered by all branches of the Islamic faith and is the subject of many mysteries and legends.
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. He was one of the Prophet's first and most faithful followers. There are conflicting traditions on whether Muhammad intended Ali to be his immediate sucessor. In 656 he became the 4th caliph on UthmanUthman
or Othman
, c.574–656, 3d caliph (644–56), also known as Uthman ibn al-Affan; son-in-law of Muhammad. He belonged to the great Umayyad family and was selected as caliph after the murder of Umar.
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's death. He was strongly opposed by AishahAishah
, c.614–678, third and favorite of the nine wives of Muhammad the Prophet. Her father was Abu Bakr, who became first caliph after the Prophet's death. She was married to the Prophet soon after the Hegira, his only wife that was neither a widow nor a divorcee.
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, the Prophet's wife; MuawiyaMuawiya
, d. 680, 1st Umayyad caliph (661–80), one of the greatest Muslim statesmen; son of Abu Sufyan, a Koreish tribesman of Mecca. He submitted to Islam the year of the surrender of Mecca and became Muhammad's secretary.
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, who later founded the Umayyad dynasty; and dissatisfied ex-supporters, the Khawarijis. The Khawarijis succeeded in assassinating him in 661. His eldest son HasanHasan
, c.625–c.669; son of Ali and Fatima (daughter of Muhammad the Prophet). When Ali was killed in 661, Hasan became caliph, but he was not strong enough to withstand the threat of arms of the Umayyads and under pressure abdicated in favor of Muawiya.
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 (624–70) abdicated in favor of Muawiya. Ali and his second son HuseinHusein
or Husayn
, c.626–680, Muslim leader, second son of Ali and Fatima (daughter of Muhammad). With the assassination of his father in 661 and the acquiescence of his brother Hasan, the caliphate passed out of the Alid family, although many continued to
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 (626–80) are the great martyrs of the Shiites.

Ali

1. ?600--661 ad, fourth caliph of Islam (656--61 ad), considered the first caliph by the Shiites: cousin and son-in-law of Mohammed
2. Mehemet. See Mehemet Ali
3. Muhammad. See Muhammad Ali
References in periodicals archive ?
The schools that participated included Omar Bin Khattab Preparatory School, Shamal Primary & Preparatory School, Commercial Independent School, Ali Bin Abi Taleb Preparatory School, Al Ahnaf Preparatory School, and Hamad Bin Abdullah Bin Jassim
in Al Shahba; Ali Bin Abi Taleb and Bin Kamel in Al Shuwaiheen; Jaber
Mount Lebanon Mufti Mohammad Ali Jouzo had harsher words for the Nasrallah speech, denouncing the Hezbollah leader for veering from the path of Ali bin Abi Taleb, a companion and cousin of the Prophet Mohammad and the second-most venerated figure in Shiite Islam.
The winners were announced at the reception, from the following schools: Aley State, American Academy of Beirut, Students Paradise Secondary, Makassed Ali Bin Abi Taleb and Houssam Eddine el Hariri high schools.
My First Book competition was won by Al Shareef Baddee and AbulKareem Abdulrhmn from Al Wakra High School and Ali Bin Abi Taleb respectively.
I apologize because my original studies were Arab literature, and I used the verb "to claim" here meaning that I am certain, such as the meaning in both the dictionary and the Holy Kor'an, and according to Ali Bin Abi Taleb.
Forensic tests proved that the material used in the blast at the Imam Ali bin Abi Taleb Mosque in the village of Al-Qadeeh was RDX, a deadly explosive.