Ali Pasha

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Related to Ali Pashe Tepelena: Yannina, The Lion of Janina

Ali Pasha

(älē` päshä`), 1744?–1822, Turkish pasha [military governor] of Yannina (now IoánninaIoánnina
, city (1991 pop. 56,699), capital of Ioánnina prefecture, NW Greece, in Epirus, on Lake Ioánnina. The chief city of Epirus, it is the commercial center for an agricultural region. Manufactures include textiles and gold and silver products.
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, Greece), a province of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). He was called the Arslan [lion] of Yannina. His father, governor at Tepelene in S Albania, was murdered, and Ali went to live with the mountain brigands who infested the country. He soon rose to leadership among them, came to the attention of the Turkish government, and as its agent put down the rebellion of a governor at Scutari in Albania. About 1787 he became governor of Yannina, where his power grew until he ruled as a quasi-independent despot over most of Albania and Epirus. He made war on the French along the Adriatic coast and entered an alliance (1814) with Great Britain. Valuing Ali's services, the sultan let him do as he wished until, in 1820, Ali ordered the assassination of an opponent in Constantinople. Sultan Mahmud II ordered Ali deposed. Ali refused to comply, thus keeping Turkish troops engaged against himself while they were needed against the Greeks, who had begun their fight for independence. Ali was assassinated by an agent of the Turks; his head was exhibited at Constantinople. The wild yet cultured court of Ali was described by French and English visitors, notably by Byron in Childe Harold.

Ali Pasha

 

(also Ali Pasha Tepelenë and Ali Pasha of Ioan-nina). Born circa 1744; died May 2, 1822. Albanian feudal lord from Tepelenë (southern Albania), ruler of a considerable part of the Balkan peninsula. Taking advantage of the disintegration of the center of power of the Ottoman Empire, he occupied Ioannina (northern Greece) in 1787, then extended his power to include a considerable portion of Albania and Greece with a population in 1812 of nearly 1.5 million. He maintained his own army and navy and carried on relations with foreign states. Internecine strife decreased within Ali Pasha’s domains and secure trade routes were established. Feudal exploitation of the peasantry, on the other hand, increased. In June 1820, Sultan Mahmud II initiated a war against Ali Pasha in the course of which Ali was defeated and killed.

REFERENCE

Arsh, G. L. Albaniia i Epir ν kontse XVIII-nachale XIX v. Moscow, 1963.

Ali Pasha

known as the Lion of Janina. 1741--1822, Turkish pasha and ruler of Albania (1787--1820), who was deposed and assassinated after intriguing against Turkey