aliphatic compound

(redirected from Aliphatic Compounds)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Aliphatic Compounds: saturated compounds, Alkanes, Aliphatic hydrocarbon

aliphatic compound

(ăl'əfăt`ĭk), any of a large class of organic compounds whose carbon atoms are joined together in straight or branched open chains rather than in rings. The hydrocarbons of the alkanealkane
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain only single bonds (see chemical bond). Alkanes have the general chemical formula CnH2n+2.
..... Click the link for more information.
, alkenealkene
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds (see chemical bond). Alkenes with only one double bond have the general formula CnH2n.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and alkynealkyne
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds (see chemical bond). Alkynes with one triple bond have the general formula CnH2n−2.
..... Click the link for more information.
 series are aliphatic compounds, as are fatty acidsfatty acid,
any of the organic carboxylic acids present in fats and oils as esters of glycerol. Molecular weights of fatty acids vary over a wide range. The carbon skeleton of any fatty acid is unbranched. Some fatty acids are saturated, i.e.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and many other compounds. Most compounds containing rings are aromatic compoundsaromatic compound,
any of a large class of compounds that includes benzene and compounds that resemble benzene in certain of their chemical properties. Originally applied to a small class of pleasant-smelling chemicals derived from vegetables, it now encompasses a wide diversity
..... Click the link for more information.
; compounds that contain a ring but are not aromatic compounds are called alicyclic.
References in periodicals archive ?
The pyrolysis products were grouped according to their chemical structure into the following classes: (i) aliphatic compounds (homologous scries of n-alkanes and n-alkenes, and branched alkencs), (ii) lignin-derived methoxyphenols, (iii) phenols, (iv) monocyclic aromatic compounds (MAHs), (v) polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), (vi) N-containing compounds, (vii) carbohydrate-derived pyrolysis products, and (viii) unidentified compounds.
Aliphatic compounds are alkane, alkene group and aromatic compounds are benzene groups.
Alcohols, aldehydes and organic acids are common products of the so-called 'beta-oxidation' sequence of long-chain aliphatic compounds.
It is generally agreed that long chain aliphatic compounds are involved in producing water repellency by soil.
Also Bromoklor bromochlorinated aliphatic compounds effective as high-halogen plasticizers.
The synthesis chapters cover many ways of making each type of molecule starting with simple aromatic and aliphatic compounds with one functional group and progressing to molecules with many functional groups.
So, kerogen should include unstable formations, possible aliphatic compounds, which transform to more stable structures emitting equal quantity of water which does not depend on pyrolysis atmosphere.
The blackcurrant aroma isolated from berries was rich in aromatic and aliphatic compounds and oxygenated monoterpenes.
Also Bromoklor bromo-chlorinated aliphatic compounds effective as high-halogen plasticizers.