a hill with archaeological strata in central Anatolia (Turkey), approximately 50 km southeast of Yoz-gat. Excavations in 1927–32.
On Alişar Hüyük, for the first time on the Asia Minor plateau, a sequence of archaeological cultures from the end of the fourth millennium through the middle of the first millennium B.C. was established. The most ancient layers in Alişar Hüyük belong to the early Bronze Age and are characterized by gray and black ceramics (layers O-Ia), later by red glazed ceramics (layer Ib), and still later by highly developed illustrations and the so-called Cappadocian ceramics with remarkable paintings, as well as cuneiform tablets (layer III). In the early second millennium B.C., an Assyrian trading colony was established at Alişar Hüyük. Life at Alişar Hüyük possibly continued into the proto-Hittite period (layer II). After an appreciable gap, a Phrygian fortress was built on the site in the first millennium B.C.
REFERENCESVon der Osten, H. H., and E. F. Schmidt. The Alishar Hüyük Season of 1927, parts 1–2. Chicago, 1932.
Schmidt, E. F. The Alishar Hüyük Seasons of 1928 and 1929, parts 1–2. Chicago, 1932.
Von der Osten, H. H. The Alishar Hüyük Seasons of 1930–1932. Chicago, 1937.
V. S. TITOV