All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for the Liquidation of Illiteracy

All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for the Liquidation of Illiteracy

 

(VChKLB), a special organization under the People’s Commissariat of Education of the RSFSR, which directed the instruction of the un-educated and illiterate in the 1920’s.

The VChKLB was formed by the Council of People’s Commissars of the RSFSR on June 19, 1920, to carry out the decree adopted on Dec. 26, 1919, calling for the liquidation of illiteracy among all people between eight and 50 years old. The VChKLB and the extraordinary commissions under the district and provincial divisions of public education did much of the work of organizing stations and schools for the liquidation of illiteracy and preparing teaching personnel for them, as well as publishing programs, methods of writing, primers, and books for the uneducated. The activities of the VChKLB were greatly intensified after the publication of V. I. Lenin’s “Pages From a Diary” in Pravda on Jan. 4, 1923, which called for an end to the age-old backwardness in education. A great deal of assistance was given to the commission by Doloi Negramotnost’ (Down With Illiteracy), a voluntary society founded in 1923.

On Sept. 12-17, 1930, the All-Russian Conference on the Liquidation of Illiteracy replaced the VChKLB and formed a central headquarters of the campaign for the liquidation of illiteracy; it ceased its activities with the achievement of universal elementary education.

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