Allied Control Council

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Allied Control Council

 

in Germany the joint body of the USSR, USA, Great Britain, and France established by agreement in 1945 after the capitulation of fascist Germany for the exercise of supreme authority during the occupation. The aims by which the council was to be guided were defined by the Potsdam Conference of 1945. The council consisted of the supreme commanders of the four zones of occupation. Its competence included questions affecting Germany as a whole and the establishment of a uniform policy among the supreme commanders. The council issued a number of laws and directives on the eradication of German militarism, the breakup of monopolies, and de-Nazification. However, the Western Powers, which had committed themselves to the division of Germany, increasingly sabotaged the work of the council and in March 1948 wrecked it completely.

REFERENCES

Vneshniaia politika Sovetskogo Soiuza v period Otechestvennoi voiny, vol. 3. Moscow, 1947.
Vneshniaia politika Sovetskogo Soiuza, 1945–1948. Moscow, 1949–1950.
Alliierter Kontrollrat und Aussenministerkonferenzen. Berlin, 1959.
Badstübner, R., and S. Thomas. Die Spaltung Deutschlands 1945–1949. Berlin, 1966.

L. I. GINTSBERG

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