Almoravids


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Almoravids: Almohads, Hausa States

Almoravids

(ălmôr`əvĭdz), Berber Muslim dynasty that ruled Morocco and Muslim Spain in the 11th and 12th cent. The Almoravids may have originated in what is now MauritaniaMauritania
, officially Islamic Republic of Mauritania, republic (2005 est. pop. 3,087,000), 397,953 sq mi (1,030,700 sq km), NW Africa. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Western Sahara in the northwest and north, on Algeria in the northeast, on Mali in the east
..... Click the link for more information.
. The real founder was Abd Allah ibn Yasin, who by military force converted a number of Saharan tribes to his own reformed religion and then advanced on Morocco. After his death (c.1059), Yusuf ibn TashfinYusuf ibn Tashfin
, d. 1106, ruler in the dynasty of the Almoravids (c.1059–1106). A Muslim, he led the Berbers in N Africa, continued the conquest of Morocco, took Algeria, and founded (1062) Marrakech, which became his capital.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and his brother Abu BakrAbu Bakr
, 573–634, 1st caliph, friend, father-in-law, and successor of Muhammad. He was probably Muhammad's first convert outside the Prophet's family and alone accompanied Muhammad on the Hegira.
..... Click the link for more information.
 came to power. MarrakechMarrakech
or Marrakesh
, city (1994 pop. 672,478), W central Morocco. The city, renowned for leather goods, is one of the principal commercial centers of Morocco and a major tourist center.
..... Click the link for more information.
 was founded in 1062 and was the center of a powerful empire. Called by the Moors in Spain to help stem Christian reconquest, Yusuf entered Andalusia and defeated (1086) Alfonso VI of Castile. He later subdued the local Muslim rulers and governed Muslim Spain and N Morocco (Abu Bakr ruling over S Morocco). The dynasty also pushed south, destroying the ancient state of GhanaGhana
, ancient empire, W Africa, in the savanna region of what is now E Senegal, SW Mali, and S Mauritania. The empire was founded c.6th cent. by Soninke peoples and lay astride the trans-Saharan caravan routes. Its capital was Kumbi Salih (in present-day SE Mauritania).
..... Click the link for more information.
. The Almoravids were rough and puritanical, contemptuous of the luxurious Muslim courts in Spain. Their rule was never entirely stable and in the 12th cent. was attacked by the AlmohadsAlmohads
, Berber Muslim dynasty that ruled Morocco and Spain in the 12th and 13th cent. It had its origins in the puritanical sect founded by Ibn Tumart, who stirred up (c.1120) the tribes of the Atlas Mts. area to purify Islam and oust the Almoravids.
..... Click the link for more information.
, who finally (by 1174) won both Morocco and Muslim Spain.
References in periodicals archive ?
When the Moorish Almoravid ruler, Yusuf ibn Tashifin, finished the Alhambra Palace in Granada (southern Spain) in the 14th century, it became one of the wonders of the world.
In the event, the ta'ifa of Seville was conquered by the Almoravids in 484/1091 and the court of al-Mu'tamid disappeared.
It is possible the Almoravids attempted to eradicate coinages they saw as competitors to their own.
It earns its place on this list as one of the few remaining examples of Almoravid architecture, a style named for the Berber dynasty that once had an empire which stretched more than 3,000km north to south, extending over present-day Morocco, Mauritania, southern Spain and Portugal, western present-day Algeria, and a part of what is now Mali.
History professor Mohamed Salem refers the practice of Leblouh to the days of the Almoravids, an Amazigh (Berber) dynasty that spread though Sahara in the 11th century.
Back in Marrakech, there are some of the finest monuments from its history stretching back to the city's foundation by the Almoravids in 1070.
The Almoravids routed King Alphonso Vi's army at Zalacca in October 1086 and by 1091, Yusuf had reunited all of Muslim Spain except Zaragoza.
When King Alfonso conquered Saragossa from the Almoravids in 1118, Ibn Bajjah hastiley left town and sought refuge at the Court of Abu Ish'aq Ebrahim Ibn Yousuf Ibn Tashufin, in XEatiba, in the Eastern part of al-Andalus.
While preparing the introduction to a paper on Ibn Barrajan's prediction of the Muslim capture of Jerusalem in which I intended to summarize the biography of this Andalusian Sufi master from the Almoravid period, I could not help feeling that our historical view of him--as a rebellious Mandist leader who challenged the political authority of the Almoravids--was at odds with the quietist and pious Sufi that resonates in his works.
After the mid 11th century AD the Christian kingdoms of the North of Spain became prominent in ivory-carving (Pinder-Wilson 1960: 202), though the industry continued in Muslim Spain under the Almoravids, who conquered Andalusia at the end of the 11th century AD, and under subsequent Almohad and Nasrid rule.
Remarkably, one of Al Turtushi's students, Mohammad Ibn Tumart, the founder of the Almohad dynasty that promoted a puritanical reform movement, later founded a powerful Berber dynasty that deposed the Almoravids.
The dinars of the Almoravids and Merinids were among the most superb produced in the Islamic world--and almost all were made from West African bullion.