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Born Nov. 6, 1771, in Prague; died Feb. 26, 1834, in Munich. German inventor of polygraphic techniques.
In 1796, Senefelder established the possibility of producing forms of relief printing by chemical treatment of limestone. In 1798 he developed lithography, a method of flat-bed (plane) printing. He subsequently designed a lithographic printing press, published the Complete Guide to Lithography (1818), and produced a lithographic reproduction from an oil painting on canvas (1833).
REFERENCESPopov, V. V. Obshchii kurs poligrafii, 6th ed. Moscow, 1964.
Wagner, C. Alois Senefelder: Sein Leben und Wirken. Leipzig, 1914.