During the time of Alp Arslan
, the great Seljuk king, an Ahal-Teke brought its seriously wounded and unconscious rider back to the base, traveling some 200 km.
A team of three final year students Taihami Tariq, MubarizZaffar and Muhammad Alp Arslan
have won the South Asia Triple Helix Association (SATHA) Innovation award for their FYP project Di-Nero.
Mohammed bin Dawood, the Seljuq ruler, who had earned the Turkish title, Alp Arslan
(courageous lion), was the figure behind that.
The project also includes information about the Seljuk sultans from Alp Arslan
, Malik Shah and Sultan Sanjar and the Seljuk architects Mohammed bin Atsyz, Keluk bin Abdullah, HE-rrem Shah of Ahlat, Makki the son of Hji Birti, Kerimuddin Erdi Shah, Abdulgaffar and Mohammed the son of Havlan of Damascus.
Their leader, Alp Arslan
, is at once khan, sultan of the Sunni world, exemplary mujahid, the conqueror of the Byzantine emperor, and the prototype for Ottoman sultans.
In the course of time the historian became administrator of affairs during the sultanate of Sultan Alp Arslan
This was equally true under the sultanates of the Selucid Turks of the 10th and 11th centuries (Togril Beg, Alp Arslan
and Malik Shah, with the decisive vizier Nizam al-Mulk), or under Ulugh Beg, a member of the Timurid dynasty (descended from Tamerlane).
Among them are the protocol on cooperation in the search for the burial of Sultan Alp Arslan
and construction of his mausoleum and a Protocol on cooperation in restoration of the mausoleums of Sahabalar Hakam al-Ghifri and Bureida Al-Aslami.
The religious policy of the early Seljuq empire is characterized in just one sentence which says simply that many schools were opened under the reign of Nizam al-Mulk and Alp Arslan
Ishaq al-Tusi, better known as Nizam al-ME-lk, who, with his vast experience and wisdom, served as the vizier of Seljuk sultans, Alp Arslan
and Malik Shah, in the late 11th century, which was filled with more complicated and chaotic events compared to our time.
Birth date unknown, but Romanus was descended from an old family of the military aristocracy in Cappadocia (central Turkey); first came to prominence while fighting the Petchenegs during the reign of Constantine IX Ducas (1042-1054), establishing a reputation as a loyal and able soldier; proclaimed emperor by the court faction of Michael Psellus and Empress Eudocia, widow of Constantine IX, in response to the disintegrating military situation and the demands of the opposition for effective leadership (January 1, 1068); Romanus hurriedly raised an army, composed largely of mercenaries (Petchenegs, Uzes, Normans, and so forth), and took the field against the Seljuk Turks under Alp Arslan
that winter; he defeated Alp at Sebastia (December?
Birth date unknown, but was the son of Malik Shah and grandson of Alp Arslan
, founder of the Seljuk Turkish state; governor of Antioch and its environs when the Crusaders attacked that city on their way to the Holy Land (October 21, 1097), he directed the city's defense with skill and energy until the Crusaders breached the city walls (early May 1098), and then held out in the citadel on Mount Silpius to the southeast of the city proper, when he was killed by an Armenian as he tried to slip through the Crusader lines (June 3).