Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran

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Laveran, Charles Louis Alphonse

(shärl lwē älfôNs` lävəräN`), 1845–1922, French physician. While an army surgeon in Algiers he discovered (1880) the parasite that causes malariamalaria,
infectious parasitic disease that can be either acute or chronic and is frequently recurrent. Malaria is common in Africa, Central and South America, the Mediterranean countries, Asia, and many of the Pacific islands.
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 and wrote many treatises on the subject. He received the 1907 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on protozoa in the causation of disease.

Laveran, Charles Louis Alphonse

 

Born June 18, 1845, in Paris; died there May 18, 1922. French physician, microbiologist, and epidemiologist. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1901) and the French Medical Academy (1893).

Laveran completed his medical studies in Strasbourg in 1867. From 1897 until the end of his life he was affiliated with the Pasteur Institute in Paris, where in 1907 he organized (and later directed) a tropical diseases laboratory. In 1880 he discovered the causative agent of malaria.

Laveran’s main works include the study of malaria and its treatment and the investigation of leishmaniasis, tripanosom-iases, and spirillosis. He founded the French Society of Exotic Pathology in 1908 and was an honorary member of many foreign medical societies, including those of St. Petersburg and Batumi. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1907.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Uchenie o voiskovykh bolezniakh i epidemiiakh. St. Petersburg, 1877.
Voennaia gigiena, vols. 1–2. St. Petersburg, 1900.
Paliudizm (Bolotnaia likhoradka). St. Petersburg, 1901.

REFERENCE

Kushev, N. E. “50-letie so dnia otkrytiia Laveranom parazita maliarii.” Vrachebnaia gazeta, 1930, nos. 13–14.

R. S. RABINOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1880, Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, a French physician, identified the protozoan parasite that causes malaria.
Four Nobel prizes have been awarded for work associated with malaria: to Sin Ronald Ross ill 1909 for discovering the parasite; to Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran in 1907 for finding that it's a protozoa; to Julius Wagner-Jauregg in 1927 for treating people who had become paralyzed front syphillis with malaria; and to Paul Hermann Muller in 1948 for using insecticides to control mosquito-borne diseases.
Alphonse Laveran (1845-1922) demonstrated the parasitic nature of malaria in 1880, and within 20 years Ronald Ross (1857-1932) had discovered the role of mosquitoes in transmitting it.
In 1880 Alphonse Laveran, a French army surgeon, observed the malaria Plasmodium in the first stage of sexual reproduction; in 1894 Patrick Manson shared thoughts with Ronald Ross that the mosquito is malaria host and vector; in 1897 Ronald Ross demonstrated the mosquito's role in malaria transmission and the life cycle of Plasmodium; and in 1898 Giovanni Grassi discovered that the female Anopheles is the carrier of malaria and demonstrated human transmission via mosquito bite.
Address for correspondence: Fabrice Simon, Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Laveran Military Teaching Hospital, Bd Alphonse Laveran, BP 60149, 13384 Marseille CEDEX 13, France; email: simon-f@ wanadoo.