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Mucha, Alphonse(älfôNs` mo͝okh`ä), 1860–1939, Czech artist. Mucha's art nouveauart nouveau
, decorative-art movement centered in Western Europe. It began in the 1880s as a reaction against the historical emphasis of mid-19th-century art, but did not survive World War I.
..... Click the link for more information. style, characterized by twisting, swirling flower and hair motifs, set the style for poster art for a generation. He created celebrated posters for Sarah BernhardtBernhardt, Sarah
, 1844–1923, stage name of Rosine Bernard, French actress, b. Paris. At age 13 she entered the Paris Conservatory, and later attracted attention during appearances at the Odéon (1866–72).
..... Click the link for more information. and designed sets and costumes for her plays. In his later works, primarily academic paintings, Mucha glorified the Slavic peoples.
See biography by his son, J. Mucha (1966); his posters and photographs, ed. by J. Mucha et al. (1972); his graphic work, ed. by J. Mucha (1974); his work in general, ed. by A. Husslein-Arco, J. L. Gaillemen, M. Hilaire, and C. Lange (2009).