rock garden

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rock garden,

garden planned around natural rock formations or rocks artificially arranged to simulate natural (often mountainous) conditions. The concept of rock gardens is believed to have been introduced from China and Japan into the Western world in the 17th cent.; they have since gained wide popularity as an ideal method for the cultivation of mountain flora and for beautifying hilly, stony, or other awkward terrain. Rock plants usually have long roots that enable them to obtain moisture even when the surface is hot and dry. Low plants requiring well-drained conditions are suited to rock gardens: besides alpine plantsalpine plants,
high-altitude representatives of various flowering plants (chiefly perennials) that because of their dwarf habit, profuse blooming, and the preference of many for shady places are cultivated in alpine and rock gardens.
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, these include stonecrops and species of columbine, phlox, bluebell, and rockrose.


See E. B. Anderson, Rock Gardens (1964), and H. L. Foster, Rock Gardening (1968).

Rock Garden


a section in a botanical garden, square, or park where mountain (alpine) plants are grown. Rock gardens in botanical gardens are set up on artificial hills where the flora of mountain regions are exhibited. The rock gardens in the botanical gardens in the USSR—for example, the Main Botanical Garden of the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University in Moscow and the Botanical Garden of the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences in Kiev—primarily exhibit plants of forest, subalpine, and alpine belts of the mountains of the Soviet Union (Carpathians, Caucasus, Altai, etc.). There are large rock gardens in Great Britain—the Botanical Garden in Edinburgh and the Royal Botanical Garden in Kew; in Czechoslovakia (near Prague); in Austria (Innsbruck); and other countries. Rock gardens are also used for decorating parks and squares. Usually small plants with abundant and pretty flowers are selected for this purpose: bellflowers, asters, pinks, dwarf phlox, anemones, and many others as well as low bushes, such as thujas, cypresses, junipers, rhododendrons, and so forth.


rock garden

a garden featuring rocks or rockeries
References in periodicals archive ?
Alpine Garden Society Wirral and West Cheshire group, talk, Pot Shuffling, by Eric Jarrett, Gladstone Village Hall, Burton, South Wirral, 7.
Alpine Garden Society - Wirral and West Cheshire group, open lecture, Alpines for Everyone, by John Main, Gladstone Village Hall, Burton, South Wirral (temporary venue during building work at Ness Gardens), 7.
Dr Brian Barnes talks about vegetation and conservation of Upper Teasdale to The Alpine Garden Society of North Wales at the English Methodist Church room in Llanfairfechan at 7.
Monday, December 14 North East England Alpine Garden Society, AGM and Christmas party, St Mary's Church Hall, Ponteland, 7.
Invitation to tender : Alpine Garden of valuation work Meyrin: Lot 1: Masonry - Concrete and Reinforced Concrete - Earth moving - Demolition
THE Alpine Garden Society show is set to be held at Stockton Sixth Form College next month.
BEST OF THE BUNCH - Daphne IF YOU'RE longing for rich winter fragrance and some pretty flowers, look no further than this shrub, which comes in both evergreen and deciduous varieties and can be small enough for the alpine garden or big enough for the shrub border.
ROCK STARS THE Alpine Garden Society is a worthy and wonderful association.
ROCK STARS: The Alpine Garden Society is a worthy and wonderful association.
Alpine Garden Society - North Wales Group holds its Annual Show 7.
The Alpine Garden Society are hosting their first annual show of the year next Saturday at Caerleon Community College in Caerleon from 11am-4pm .
The Alpine Garden Society's editor/former research botanist, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, assures gardeners that rock gardens do not require boulders or plants that only come from alpine areas.