Alsace-Lorraine

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Alsace-Lorraine,

former region, Germany: see under AlsaceAlsace
, Ger. Elsass, region and former province, E France. It is separated from Germany by a part of the Rhine River. It comprises the departments of Bas-Rhin, Haut-Rhin, and the Territory of Belfort (a department created after the Franco-Prussian War when the rest of
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, France.

Alsace-Lorraine

 

a Reichsland (imperial territory) of Germany from 1871 to 1918 that was created from the Alsatian departments of Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin (excluding the territory of Belfort) and part of the Lorraine departments of Meurthe and Moselle, all of which had been won from France in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71.

Alsace-Lorraine was initially administered by an Oberpräsident, who was appointed by the emperor and was granted, under Paragraph 10 of the law of Dec. 30, 1871 (the Diktaturparagraf), the right to use all means, including military force, to maintain order. Alsace-Lorraine was given 15 seats in the German Reichstag, nearly all of which, in the 1870’s and 1880’s, were held by candidates of the leftist bourgeois Progress Party. Not until the late 1870’s was a local consultative body—the Landes-ausschuss—established and the Oberpräsident replaced by the Statthalter, a resident representing the chancellor.

The policy of enforced germanization pursued by the German government aroused resistance and resulted in 400,000 persons emigrating to France between 1872 and 1882. The annexation of Alsace-Lorraine, which contained one of Europe’s largest ironore deposits, contributed to Germany’s rapid industrial development in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Industrial growth and the influx of German capital drew the local bourgeoisie closer to its German counterpart.

The supporters of autonomy for Alsace-Lorraine within the German Empire grew stronger. The Diktaturparagraf was repealed in 1902, a local legislative body—the Landtag—was established in 1911, and Alsace-Lorraine was given three seats in the German Reichsrat. The policy of ethnic discrimination and forced germanization continued, however, leading in 1913 to a grave political crisis (seeZABERN AFFAIR OF 1913).

Differences over the Alsace-Lorraine question played an important role in the overall conflict of interests between Germany and France that led to the outbreak of World War I. Under the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France. During World War II, Alsace-Lorraine was occupied in 1940 by fascist German troops; it was liberated in late 1944 and early 1945.

S. V. OBOLENSKAIA

Alsace-Lorraine

an area of NE France, comprising the modern regions of Alsace and Lorraine: under German rule 1871--1919 and 1940--44. Area: 14 522 sq. km (5607 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
05 NEWSBOY'S 1-2-3 1 ANTARA 2 SHAMWARI LODGE 3 ALSACE LORRAINE ANTARA, who confirmed herself still on an upward curve after her arrival in Britain from Germany, looks a rocksolid bet to continue her winning ways.
Alsace Lorraine attempts to put her last race behind her, when she was beaten favourite, and build on the promising performance when finishing fourth in the Windsor Forest Stakes at Royal Ascot the time before.
That effort came on the back of a Listed handicap victory, also over the straight cou rse, at the beginning of May, and Alsace Lorraine should have no problem negotiating the round mile this afternoon.
This mare, and Spacious, are the apples of my eye, and when Alsace Lorraine is on song there isn't much between the pair," said the trainer.
Alsace Lorraine is likely to be strongly fancied to take advantage of this class drop, as she fared best of those who raced off the pace to finish fourth behind Strawberrydaiquiri in the Group 2 Windsor Forest over course and distance last time.
James Fanshawe, trainer of Alsace Lorraine and Spacious "Spacious caught everyone by surprise when making all last year, but I do think there is more strength in depth to the race this season.
LAST year's winner Spacious is set to be joined by improving stablemate Alsace Lorraine when trainer James Fanshawe attempts to win the Group 2 Windsor Forest Stakes for the third time at Royal Ascot on Wednesday.
JAMES FANSHAWE will be doublehanded in the Group 2 Windsor Forest Stakes at Royal Ascot on June 16 after both Spacious and Alsace Lorraine emerged with credit from their efforts on a mist-laden Limekilns long gallop yesterday morning.
James Fanshawe, trainer of Alsace Lorraine "She won first time out last season but had not been off for so long, so it is a different story this time.
Runner-up Alsace Lorraine, the heavily backed Shamwari Lodge and Irish challenger Aspect Oflove were among the sufferers, and Alsace Lorraine's rider Jamie Spencer did not mince his words afterwards.
Direction des routes, service routes am[R] nagement, 45 avenue Alsace Lorraine, CS 10114
55 Ascot Sporting (50:30:20:10) 19-22 Applause, 11-14 Aspectoflove, 10-13 Shamwari Lodge, 9-12 Annabelle's Charm, 7-9 Resort, Alsace Lorraine, 5-7 Ada River, Cosmopolitan, Balaagha, 4-6 Damaniyat Girl, 3-5 Perfect Star, 2-4 Silver Games, Sarah Park, Ahla Wasahl, Lady Francesca, 1-3 Headford View, Jet D'Eau, 0.