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a nationality comprising the inhabitants of Alsace; a French national minority. According to a 1975 estimate, the Alsatians number 1,400,000. Their literary languages are French and German. About three-fourths of religious believers are Roman Catholics; the rest are Lutherans and Calvinists.

The Alsatians developed from Celtic tribes influenced by the Germans, especially the Alamanni. Their ethnographic uniqueness is explained by their location on the border between France and Germany, to both of which they have belonged in the course of history. The democratic principles of the French Revolution played a decisive role in the formation of the Alsatian ethnic consciousness. From 1871 to 1918, when Alsace belonged to Germany, the Alsatians resisted enforced germanization; from 1940 to 1945 they joined with the French in their struggle against the fascist German invaders.

The Alsatians have preserved their traditional culture, including its folklore and festivals at which national costumes and dances are demonstrated. About 50 percent of the Alsatians are employed in various industries, and about 11 percent in agriculture.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prosecutor Julia Galston read statements relating to two earlier incidents, one in 2014 and the other in 2015, in which the alsatians had bitten dogs.
A combination of pub, cafe, and bistro, they are small, typically family-owned, and serve local comfort food, from sausages to seafood to tarte flambee (an Alsatian pizza made with cream instead of cheese).
The name Alsatian stuck as the word 'German' had a negative connotation.
A spokesman for Pershore Police said: "We are investigating these incidents along with a report that two Alsatians and a Rottweiler were seen loose at Peopleton Rough on March 7.
After all, the Alsatians have been working with Pinot Gris for more than 400 years, which is a solid track record, so I wanted to discover what they had to offer to today's growing throng of Pinot Gris drinkers.
Oppressed by each side in turn, it is no wonder that Alsatians sought refuge in a fierce loyalty to their native towns or villages, a loyalty which transcended that owed to their province.
In my experience, most of the dog bites received in the line of duty are by small terrier-type dogs and not by Dobermans or Alsatians.
It's not only the Corsicans who want to know whether French democracy means more than the rule of the majority: the Basques, the Bretons, the Alsatians and many more could pose the same question.
DISGUSTED breeders are refusing to supply police forces with Alsatians in protest at the brutal training methods
TWO alsatians savaged 12 sheep in a brutal attack that ended when a police marksman shot one of the dogs.
A JOBLESS funfair worker was savaged to death as he tried to stop his friend's alsatians fighting.