Altai Republic


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Altai Republic

or

Altay Republic

(ăltī`, ăl`tī, ältī`), constituent republic (1990 est. pop. 190,000), 35,800 sq mi (92,722 sq km), SE Siberian Russia. Bordering on Mongolia in the south, it contains most of the Altai Mts. and is drained by the Biya, Katun, and Chuya rivers. The region is mountainous, and gold, manganese, and mercury are mined. Livestock raising and dairy farming are important, and grain is cultivated. The republic capital is Gorno-Altaisk (1989 pop. 46,000), a processing center for the agricultural products of the region. The majority of the population are Russians; the rest are Altaians (Oirots, Temuts, Shors, Tilengets, and Kumands). Altaians, numbering about 45,000, are Turkic-speaking peoples with Mongolian ancestry. Some are nomadic or seminomadic herders and hunters, but most are now settled on farms. A communal society existed in the area from the 3d millennium B.C., and there is evidence of a Mongolian civilization in the 5th cent. B.C. The Turkish khanate ruled the region from the 6th to the 10th cent. A.D., and the Altaians were under the control of the Mongolian khans from the beginning of the 13th to the 18th cent. In 1756 the Altaians came under Russian hegemony. From 1918 to 1922 there was civil war as the mountain groups fought the Bolshevik forces. Between 1922 and 1948 the republic was called the Oirat or Oirot Autonomous Region. It was renamed Gorno-Altai in 1948, a name it maintained until the mid-1990s. Gorno-Altai was given republic status in 1991 and was a signatory, under the name Republic of Gorniy-Altay, to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty that created the Russian Federation (see RussiaRussia,
officially the Russian Federation,
Rus. Rossiya, republic (2005 est. pop. 143,420,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). The country is bounded by Norway and Finland in the northwest; by Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine in the west; by Georgia
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). The republic was formerly sometimes known as Mountain-Altai.
References in periodicals archive ?
Preservation of the petroglyphs of the Altai Republic.
Initial research focused on the excavation of Scytho-Siberian burial mounds, the so-called kurgans, in the southern part of the Altai Republic.
Open Competition: Implementation Of Design And Survey Works For The Overhaul Of Road R-256 Chuiski - Novosibirsk - Barnaul - Gorno-Altaisk - Mongolian Border, Km 698 + 000 - Km 703 + 241, Altai Republic
Aimed for broadcast on PBS in 2012, Losing Sacred Ground visits Australia, Ethiopia, Peru, Canada, Papua New Guinea, Russia's Altai Republic, Hawaii, and California.
Concerned residents in Russia's mountainous Altai Republic, who have been working for the past two years to reroute a proposed gas pipeline away from a high-altitude protected area, learned recently that China plans to accompany the pipeline with a road and railroad.
In the Altai Republic of southern Siberia, a region of astonishing biodiversity and cultural heritage, new protected areas are popping up all over the place.
Open Competition: Provision Of Services For The Modernization Of Automated Information Systems Of State And Municipal Services Trust In Implementing The Functional Transfer Of Public Services For Issuing Hunting Permit In Electronic Form, Using A Single Form Of Public Service In The Federal Public Information System Unified Portal Of Public And Municipal Services ( Functions) And Automation Of Activities For The Protection, Use And Reproduction Of Fauna Of The Altai Republic
Open Competition: Open tender for the right to sign the agreement to perform construction of internal networks and modular block gas boiler, gas-fired and diesel fuel in the special economic zone of tourist-recreational type in the territory of the municipality Mayminsky District of the Altai Republic ( 431K-02/2015 )
Open Competition: About an open competition for the selection of banks for the placement of the Guarantee Fund guarantee the performance of SMEs in the Altai Republic in deposits (deposits) for a period not exceeding one (1) year
Sewage treatment plants storm water as part of the Onsite infrastructure special economic zone of tourist-recreational type in the territory of the municipality Mayminsky District[beaucoup plus grand que] Altai Republic [beaucoup plus grand que]( 390K-04/2015)
Open Competition: Specialized information hydrometeorological support of the Upper Ob STB in the Altai Territory, the Kemerovo Region, the Novosibirsk Region, the Tomsk Region, the Altai Republic
Gazprom is capable of more than doubling natural gas supplies to China to 100 billion cubic meters, including via the western route connecting fields in Western Siberia with northwest China through the Altai republic.