Altai Tractor Plant

Altai Tractor Plant

 

(full name, M. I. Kalinin Altai Tractor Plant), in Rubtsovsk, Altai Krai, RSFSR. It was built on the basis of the equipment of the Kharkov Tractor Plant, which was evacuated at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. The construction began in January 1942. The personnel of the plant mastered the production of the ATZ-NATI (Altai Tractor Plant Institute of Motor and Tractor Scientific Research) caterpillar tractor in record time and produced the first thousand tractors as early as December 1943. In July 1946 the plant was named after M. I. Kalinin. In 1952 the plant began producing DT-54 diesel tractors of general use and, in 1965, T-4 tractors. The TDT-60 transportation tractor was replaced in 1961 by the mightier TDT-75 tractor with an engine of 75 horsepower. The plant’s gross output increased 3.84 times between 1950 and 1967. The plant was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1967.

V. S. IAKOVENKO