Alternat


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Alternat

 

In international law this term refers to the rules governing the signing of treaties: the order in which the contracting parties are mentioned in the text, the placement of the signatures and the seals, and so on. For instance, in a bilateral treaty where the signatures of the representatives of the states are placed along a horizontal or vertical line, the signature of the representative of the state that keeps the copy is placed on the left or on top (that is, in the first place), while on the other copy the signatures are placed in reverse order. In multilateral treaties the signatures of the representatives are usually placed in a vertical line in the alphabetical order of the English names of the states. In the socialist states the signatures are placed in the order of the Russian alphabet.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although many of these industrial facilities are still reasonably functional for their intended use, labor market economics has rendered many of these facilities either economically obsolete (where buildings are in the very best locations) or riddled with extensive economic obsolescence if the buildings have application for alternat ive uses.
The end-users of technology, the ostensible intended beneficiaries, accept or reject the applied products of research, either through a considered analysis of the benefits to be gained by adopting a new technology or in the hope that whatever the outcome, it is better than the current alternat ive.
However, civilians are also more likely to look for alternat ive employment within the county rather than moving.
JASON ZIEDENBERG is the Senior Policy Analyst for the Justice Policy Institute (1234 Massachusetts Aye, NW, Suite C-1009, Washington, DC 20005), a think-tank that promotes alternat ives to incarceration.
As Deputy Prime Minister Mr John Prescott warns that the Government's plans will mean raising more cash from the motorist, company cars for employees are still an important benefit package but only 13 per cent of companies offer employees a cash alternat ive, says a survey of more than 250 UK firms.