Althing


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Althing

(äl`thĭng) [Icel.,=general diet], parliament of Iceland. This assembly, the oldest in Europe, was convened at Thingvellir, SW Iceland, in 930. It was dissolved in 1800, was revived as an advisory body to the Danish monarchy in 1845, and in 1874, when Iceland was granted a constitution, became again a legislative body. The Althing in 1944 voted the independence of Iceland from Denmark, a decision ratified by popular vote. The Althing is now a 63-member unicameral body, but until 1991 it comprised a lower house (two thirds of members) and an upper house (one third). Members are elected by a system of proportional representation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Over the centuries, despite successive foreign invaders and occupiers seeking to quash it, the Althing has persisted, showing as much stubbornness as the Icelandic people.
Iceland has the oldest parliament in the world, the Althing, which first met in the year 930.
From the eighteenth century onwards there was a trickle of visitors from Europe: they were artists, scholars and romantics, come to paint the towering cloud over Vatnajokul, or hunt for manuscripts of the Eddas in farmhouses, or learn about democracy from the records of the Althing, or go into Wordsworthian raptures about Thingvellir, or transcribe runes from standing stones, or speculate about tectonic plates and the age of the earth.
The Government House, the National Gallery, and the Althing (parliament house), which dates from 1798, are the main attractions.
The question put to the Icelandic population was unequivocal: `The Althing (the Icelandic legislative assembly) resolves to declare that the Danish-Icelandic Act of Union of 1918 is terminated.
One is a lawyer, one a member of the Althing, one a housewife, and a fourth is a florist.
In 1997, as the Protocol talks gathered momentum and the nation's dilemma was becoming apparent, a recently elected Parliamentarian named Hjalmar Arnason submitted a resolution to the Parliament, or Althing, demanding that the government begin to explore its energy alternatives.
This took place at the Althing, the annual combined summer fair, free man's parliament, and court of appeal held in spectacular outdoor surroundings inland a little north-east from Reykjavik.
Gudhmundr Arason was, besides Bishop thorlakr, whose sanctity was to be confirmed at the Althing in the summer of 1198, the only celibate bishop of Iceland during the period.
To this end, Mohsen Marefat of The Althing Group has been retained to head the development and management of business operations for the Institute.
IT is believed to be the Althing (National Assembly) in Iceland.