Alvar Aalto


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Alvar Aalto
Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto
Birthday
BirthplaceKuortane, Finland
Died
NationalityFinnish

Aalto, Alvar

(ŏl`vär äl`tō), 1898–1976, Finnish architect and furniture designer. Aalto is considered one of the foremost architects of the 20th cent. Most of his designs were made in collaboration with his first wife, Aino Maria Marsio, 1894–1949, the celebrated furniture designer and architect. Aalto's work adapted Finnish building traditions to modern European techniques and to the specific function of the structure in boldly expressive style. His designs for the municipal library at Viipuri (1927–35; now in Vyborg, Russia) and the tuberculosis sanitarium at Paimio (1929–33) were outstanding functionalist works. He gained international fame for his remarkable designs for sleek molded and laminated birch wood furniture and for his plans for the Finnish pavilions at the expositions in Paris (1937) and New York (1939). Signature furniture pieces widely used in both institutional and residential settings include his three-legged stool, a classic of modern design, and the curvingly sculptural yet comfortable Paimio reclining bentwood armchair originally designed for the sanitarium. Also well known among his designs are fabrics and curvilinear glass vases. In 1940 he was appointed visiting professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he designed the serpentine Baker House (1947–48). After World War II he was active in reconstruction in Finland. His major postwar works include a number of striking civic buildings in Helsinki, the Maison Carré in Paris (designed in collaboration with Elissa Makkinheimo, his second wife), and the Wolfsburg cultural center in Germany.

Bibliography

See his complete works, ed. by K. Fleig (tr. of 3d ed., 2 vol., 1970–71); studies by F. A. Gutheim (1960) and P. D. Pearson (1978).

Aalto, Alvar

(1898–1976)
Finnish architect who designed the Viipuri Public Library with an undulating timber roof, built in 1929. His Paimio Sanitorium, Paimio, Finland, was one of the first hospitals to be built in the International style. Later work includes the Baker House, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (1948), and the Public Library, Rovaniemi, Finland (1963), and Finlandia Hall (illus.) Helsinki, Finland (1971).
References in periodicals archive ?
Los trabajos de Alvar Aalto (1898-1976) (35), se encuadran dentro del movimiento moderno de la arquitectura.
Among the key Modernist figures featured are artists Piet Mondrian, Fernand Leger, Paul Klee, Pablo Picasso, Man Ray, Alexander Rodchenko, Wassily Kandinsky, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Charles Sheeler, and Stuart Davis; architects and designers Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd Wright, Walter Gropius and Richard Neutra, Marcel Breuer, Gerrit Rietveld, Marianne Brandt and Alvar Aalto.
Comparte credito con disenadores y arquitectos como Alvar Aalto (Universidad Politecnica), Eero Aarnio (famoso por su mobiliario de plastico colorido), Paavo Tunell y Tapio Wirkkala, quienes construyeron la Finlandia moderna de 1950 a 1960.
NEW YORK-Seventy years ago, Finnish designer Alvar Aalto created an amorphous glass vase for iittala, to be shown at the World Fair in Paris in 1937.
His new Oakland, California-based company, Pfeiffer Design Lab, creates contemporary furniture, housewares, toys and lighting that build upon the work of Charles and Ray Eames, Alvar Aalto, and other icons.
McDonough says he was inspired by Finnish architect Alvar Aalto.
Frederick Key Smith discusses literature, while Sarah Menin looks to the architectural style of Finnish modernist Alvar Aalto as a parallel to Sibelius's musical constructions in "Aalto, Sibelius and Fragments from Forest Culture.
Ejemplos como los hospitales realizados por Alvar Aalto en Finlandia y Croacia, o por Louis Kahn en la India, asi como el recien inaugurado Hospital O'Donell en Madrid de Rafael Moneo, y el proyecto del Hospital de Juan Navarro Baldeweg en Asturias, representan una buena dosis de esta arquitectura de healing machines que ha ayudado a curar y fortalecer los paisajes de distintos contextos.
The trip highlighted the buildings of Alvar Aalto (1898-1976) whose work has strongly influenced generations of architects on both sides of the Atlantic.
The works of Alvar Aalto, Marcel Breuer, Bruno Weil and Paul Kjerholm would be highly collectible, too, even though they are not American.
Every architect has wanted to do a great chair, which is more accessible, more widely seen and used than their buildings," Fehlbaum says, citing chairs by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Marcel Breuer, Le Corbusier, Alvar Aalto.