Alvaro Obregón

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Obregón, Alvaro

 

Born Feb. 19, 1880, in Siquisiva, in the state of Sonora; died July-17, 1928, in Mexico City. Mexican political and military leader during the Revolution of 1910–17; general. President of Mexico from 1920 to 1924.

Obregón’s government supported the bourgeoisie and bourgeois landowners, but it also pursued, albeit inconsistently, a policy that served the national interest. It carried out agrarian reforms, adopted anticlerical measures, attempted to restrict foreign capital, and strove to follow an independent course in foreign policy. In 1924 it established diplomatic relations with the USSR. However, Obregón’s government also suppressed revolutionary demonstrations by workers and peasants. In 1928, Obregón was again elected to the presidency, but he was assassinated before taking office.

References in periodicals archive ?
Particularly illuminating is an exchange between Calles and de la Garza, as they talk about the elder Calles's relationship to assassinated ex-President Alvaro Obregon.
Miguel Pro (1891-1927) who was shot in November 1927 on the order of Calles under the pretext that Pro was part of a plot to assassinate former President Alvaro Obregon.
Venustiano Carranza was appointed primer jefe (First Chief) by his fellow revolutionaries--Francisco "Pancho" Villa, Alvaro Obregon and Emiliano Zapata--until elections could be held.
Harris and Sadler's chronologically-arranged account ends with the restoration of order in Mexico following the presidential election of Alvaro Obregon in 1920.
Start at Galeria OMR off the Rio de Janeiro plaza and wander down Orizaba street to Alvaro Obregon.
The next day, we headed out to the little town of Alvaro Obregon.
Yet by 1922, with President Alvaro Obregon now in office, the Department of Labor sent in officials to investigate a strike in the steel mill which led to extensive government intervention on behalf of the union.
Also, as in the cult of saints, many have had their remains exhumed (Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara +1967), or are venerated at shrines built for that purpose (Mexican president Alvaro Obregon +1928), or are even honored by feasts and processions (Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata +1919).
Alvaro Obregon, former president Plutarco Elias Calles (1924- 1928), and Luis Donaldo Colosio.
Soon, Carranza was elected president in 1917, under a new Mexican constitution; he ordered the assassination of Zapata in 1919 and was, himself, overthrown and assassinated in 1920 by Alvaro Obregon, his former military commander.
That year, Alvaro Obregon, the popular candidate, assumed the presidency.
It was Jose Vasconcelos, secretary of education under President Alvaro Obregon, who awarded the first contracts to Orozco, Rivera, and Siqueiros.