Alvaro de Luna


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Luna, Alvaro de

 

Born 1388 in Cñnete; died June 1453 in Valladolid. Count; constable (supreme commander in chief) of Castile from 1423.

A favorite of the Castilian king Juan II and the virtual ruler of Castile, Luna fought against the big feudal lords for the consolidation of royal power. He tried to strengthen the central machinery of the state, increase the importance of royal officials, and subordinate the church to the power of the king. In 1445 he defeated the rebellious aristocracy in the battle of Olmedo. Several times Luna was removed from power upon pressure from the aristocracy, and in 1453 he was accused of sorcery and executed.

REFERENCE

Rozenberg, A. M. “Konnetabl’ Kastil’skii Al’varo de-Luna i ego bor’ba s silami feodal’noi reaktsii.” Uch. zap. Leningradskogo gos. ped. in-ta im. Gertsena, 1941, vol. 45.
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in an introduction which is as deft as it is dense, readers have been provided with an authoritative account of his intellectual formation in the household of Cardinal Bessarion, his association with Georgios Trapezuntios and his immersion in the classicizing culture of mid-century Rome and Florence, his return to Castile in 1453 as the fall of Constantinople was followed by the death of Alvaro de Luna, and his political ups and downs over the next forty years.
2) A fifteenth-century reference to the story in a verse attributed to the condestable Don Alvaro de Luna seems to have been overlooked by previous commentators on the version in the Libro de buen amor, and has, not surprisingly, escaped the attention of those working on the fable tradition outside Spain.
The reference in question is found in eight lines of verse which occur in at least three manuscripts of the Cronica de Don Alvaro de Luna, the high constable of Castile until his execution in 1453.