amacrine cell

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amacrine cell

[′am·ə‚krēn ‚sel]
(anatomy)
An interneuron located in the inner plexiform layer of the vertebrate retina that influences retinal signal processing in response to visual stimuli at the level of contact between the bipolar and ganglion cells.
References in periodicals archive ?
Colocalization of GABA-immunoreactivity in neuropeptide- and monoamine-containing amacrine cells in the retina of Bufo marinus.
Dopaminergic and indoleamine-accumulating amacrine cells express GABA-like immunoreactivity in the cat retina.
A double-label analysis demonstrating the non-coexistence of tyrosine hydroxylase-like and GABA-like immunoreactivities in amacrine cells of the larval tiger salamander retina.
They injected a substance into the retina to eliminate ganglion cells, a type of nerve cell found near the surface of the retina, and amacrine cells.
Soon some of the general cells changed into amacrine cells, and the researchers detected their presence by checking for chemicals produced only by amacrine cells.
The researchers observed that many of the progenitor cells arising from the dividing Muller glia cells died within the first week after their production, but those that managed to turn into amacrine cells survived for at least 30 days.
Glucagon-containing amacrine cells of the chick retina have been found to respond differentially to the direction (plus or minus) of defocus within two hours of either positive or negative lens wear.
In the retina, acetylcholine is an excitatory transmitter produced by a subset of amacrine cells noted for their 'starburst' morphology.
Further evidence against the requirement for cholinergic amacrine cells in the retina for regulation of ocular growth comes from destruction of chick retinal amacrine cells with quisqualic acid, or ethylcholine mustard aziridinium (ECMA).
Famiglietti, '"Starburst" amacrine cells and cholinergic neurons: mirror-symmetric on and off amacrine cells of rabbit retina', Brain Research, vol.