Amalric I

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Amalric I

(əmăl`rĭk, ă`məlrĭk) or

Amaury I

(əmô`rē, Fr. ämōrē`), c.1137–1174, Latin king of Jerusalem (1162–74); brother and successor of Baldwin III. He spent his reign in attempts to gain and hold the suzerainty of Egypt, but was balked by the Turkish sultan Nur ad-DinNur ad-Din
, 1118–74, ruler of Syria. He was the son of the conqueror Zangi, and he succeeded to power in 1145. He defeated the Seljuk Turks in Asia Minor and fought with Baldwin III of Jerusalem.
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, one of whose lieutenants finally obtained control of the country and left it at his death to SaladinSaladin
, Arabic Salah ad-Din, 1137?–1193, Muslim warrior and Ayyubid sultan of Egypt, the great opponent of the Crusaders, b. Mesopotamia, of Kurdish descent.
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. During Amalric's frequent absences in Egypt, Nur ad-Din repeatedly raided the increasingly weak Latin states of the East. Amalric was succeeded by his son, Baldwin IV.