Saint-Amand Bazard

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Bazard, Saint-Amand

 

Born Sept. 19, 1791, in Paris; died July 29, 1832, in Courtrai. French Utopian socialist.

Under the Bourbon Restoration, Bazard was one of the leaders of a clandestine Carbonari organization. Between 1828 and 1829 he gave systematic public lectures, An Exposition of Saint-Simonian Doctrine (Russian translation, 1947), in which he developed the socialist tendencies in Saint-Simonism. With the transformation of Saint-Simonism into a religious commune, Bazard and Enfantin became its “supreme fathers.” Bazard’s disagreements with Enfantin on questions of marriage and the family led to his leaving the commune.

REFERENCES

Volgin, V. P. Sen-Simon i sen-simonizm. Moscow, 1961.
Spühler, W. Saint-Simonismus: Lehre und Leben von Saint-Amand Bazard. Zürich, 1926.

I. I. ZIL’BERFARB