Amanullah Khan

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Amanullah Khan

1892--1960, emir (1919--26) and king (1926--29) of Afghanistan; he obtained Afghan independence from Britain (1919)

Amanullah Khan

 

Born June 1, 1892; died Apr. 25, 1960. King of Afghanistan, 1919–29. One of the sons of Amir Habibullah.

Amanullah Khan came to power on Feb. 21, 1919, and on Feb. 28, 1919, he proclaimed the independence of Afghanistan. The exchange of friendly messages between Amanullah Khan and V. I. Lenin in 1919 resulted in the establishment of diplomatic relations with Soviet Russia. In 1921 and 1926 treaties were signed by Afghanistan and the USSR. The 1926 treaty ensured neutrality and mutual nonaggression between the two countries. Amanullah Khan’s domestic reforms, which were guided by the ideas of the young Afghans, promoted the centralization of the country and the bourgeois transformation of its economy. In 1928, Amanullah Khan visited the USSR. The an-tigovernment uprising of 1928–29, led by Bacha-i Saqao and supported by British imperialism, forced Amanullah Khan to renounce the throne and emigrate. He died in Zurich and was buried in Jalalabad, Afghanistan.

References in periodicals archive ?
by Amanollah Khan Vakilol Molk, changing it into an aggregate comprising of several buildings, yard and the present garden.
Corresponding Author: Amanollah Rahpeima, Department of Management, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran.
That was mainly with the ascension of the king, Amanollah Khan, who took the throne in 1919.
After killing bin Laden, there was no other infamous and suitable figure for the US to allege that it intends to fight against whom in order to justify its longer military buildup and Haqqani network was the best choice," Amanollah Peiman told FNA on Wednesday.
Earlier last week, visiting Afghan Vice-Speaker Amanollah Peiman in a meeting with Iranian Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki had viewed Iran's role in Afghanistan's developments as "positive" and "useful", and stressed that Kabul would never allow any third country to pose a threat to the Islamic Republic through the Afghan borders.