Amaryllidaceae


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Amaryllidaceae

[‚a·mə‚ri·lə′dā·sē‚ē]
(botany)
The former designation for a family of plants now included in the Liliaceae.

Amaryllidaceae

 

a family of monocotyledonous plants, comprising perennial herbs with bulbs and less commonly with rhizomes or corms. They have large monoecious actinomorphic flowers or slightly zygomorphic flowers, usually arranged in an umbel with a spathe. In the flower is a corollalike perianth, usually gamophyllous or free, often with an appendage. The ovary is inferior, and in this the Amaryllidaceae differs from the related family Liliaceae. About 75 genera and 1,000 species are found around the world. Amaryllids are especially abundant in Cape Province (South Africa) and Central and South America. Seven genera with 30 species grow in the USSR. Many genera—for example, Narcissus, Amaryllis, Crinum, Hippeastrum, and Clivia—are cultivated as ornamental plants, and others are used in medicine because they contain alkaloids.

References in periodicals archive ?
Several compounds, with distinct structures, have been reported, including steroidal alkaloids from Amaryllidaceae (Lopez et al.
The structures elucidation, the strategies and developed methodology to synthesize Amaryllidaceae alkaloids have been motivated by their diverse and important pharmacological properties (Magnus et at.
chinense (a mannose-binding agglutinin) belongs to the superfamily of monocot mannose-binding lectin similar to lectins from the bulbs of Amaryllidaceae species (Van et al.
Often, the affected plants are in the family Amaryllidaceae (formerly placed in the family Liliaceae), especially amaryllis and crinum.
Phaedranassa is a monophyletic genus in Amaryllidaceae tribe Eucharideae (Meerow et al.
As an example, plants belonging to the families Amaryllidaceae, Apocynaceae, Araceae, Asteraceae, Bixaceae, Clusiaceae, Dilleniaceae, Lamiaceae, Lauraceae, Lygodiaceae, Myrtaceae, and Santalaceae were used only in Dinajpur district but not in the other three districts surveyed.
MST (cap; OA) Amaryllidaceae Agave lopantha Schiede MST (TTS) (cap; OA) A.
Effect of alkaloids isolated from Amaryllidaceae on herpes simplex virus.
It is one of the larger members of the worldwide tropical to temperate ornamental family Amaryllidaceae.
In several families a slight monosymmetry is present in the form of sigmoidal curvature of the floral tube and/or pollination organs; this is true for a number of Agapanthaceae (Kubitzki, 1998a), Agavaceae (Verhoek, 1998), Amaryllidaceae (Vochting, 1886; Church, 1908; Correll & Correll, 1982; Meerow & Snijman, 1998; Meerow, 2010), Anthericaceae (Conran, 1998), Asphodelaceaae (Vochting, 1886; Correll & Correll, 1982; Smith & Van Wyk, 1998), Blandfordiaceae (Clifford & Conran, 1998), Convallariaceae (Conran & Tamura, 1998), Doryanthaceae (Clifford, 1998), Hemeroeallidaceae (Vochting, 1886; Clifford et al.
Plants from the Amaryllidaceae family have been shown to be a promising source of biologically active natural compounds of which some selected are currently in pre-clinical development.