Charles Louis Ambroise Thomas

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Thomas, Charles Louis Ambroise


Born Aug. 5, 1811, in Metz; died Feb. 12,1896, in Paris. French composer. Member of the Institut de France (1851).

The son of a music teacher, Thomas graduated in 1832 from the Paris Conservatory, where he studied piano with F. W. Kalkbrenner and composition with J. F. Lesueur. He made his debut as a composer of operas in 1837 with La Double Echelle (based on a play by E. Scribe). Thomas is known for his lyric operas, a genre he helped create. These include Mignon, based on Goethe’s novel Wilhelm Master’s Apprenticeship (1866; Paris, Opera Comique), and Hamlet, based on Shakespeare’s play (1868; Paris, Opera). Thomas’ lyric operas exhibit both the merits and the defects of the genre, in which the emphasis on melody, elegance, and theatrical effect impoverishes the social and philosophical content of the literary sources used. Thomas’ other works include two operas comiquesLe Caid (1849) and Le Songe d’une nuit d’été (1850; based on Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream)—and the ballet La Tempéte (1889; based on Shakespeare’s The Tempest).

Thomas taught at the Paris Conservatory, where he became a professor in 1852 and served as director from 1871 to 1893. J. Massenet was among his students.


Curzon, N. de. A. Thomas. Paris, 1921.
References in periodicals archive ?
Amira also sang in ten performances "Carmina Burana" at the Palais des Congres, Paris, and performed "Ophelie" in "Hamlet" by Ambroise Thomas at the Opera Saint Etienne, France, "Queen of the Night" in Mozart's "Magic Flute" in Paris, Lille, Biarritz, Nantes, Marseille.
Donna Elvira, por supuesto, canta "Mi tradi quell'alma ingrata"; la vision "Palle et blonde dors sur l'eau profonde" de Ofelia, la loca suicida del Hamlet de Ambroise Thomas y, naturalmente como que es una de las grandes locas de la opera de todos los tiempos, Lucia, la de Lamermoor, quien nos recuerda que "Regnava nel silenzio" y, claro, no podia faltar la muy desquiciada Margarita, filicida por obra del desgraciado Mefistofeles de Boito y, por si lo anterior fuera poca o no suficiente locura, a las mencionadas se agregan otras no menos orates como la Cunegunda que nada tiene de candida a pesar de provenir del Candido russouniano musicalizado por Lenny Bernstein; la Charlotte de El hombre elefante y la siempre insomne, por sonambula, Amina, enmarcada por la musica de Vicenzo Bellini.
Their pot-pourri included many compositional and vocal styles ranging from Mozart, through Ambroise Thomas and Hugo Wolf to two of contemporary American William Bolcom's concert songs in cabaret style.
Central will be opera, and the Festival productions are of Donizetti's tragedy Maria di Rohan, Mignon by Ambroise Thomas, conducted by festival director Andrew Greenwood, and Handel's Saul, conducted by Harry Christophers.
The 27 essays honoring her discuss such topics as Chopin's Polish Rhapsody, folklore and reminiscence in Claude Debussy, marking the accord of instrument and style from 1709 to 1768, deconstructive melodrama in the Hamlet of Ambroise Thomas, the problems of musical hermeneutics, words for Marenzio's five-voice madrigals, the cantus firmus of Josquin's Missa Hercules dux Ferrarie, and synagogue reform in Aarhus Denmark.
A popular opera at the time was Mignon by Ambroise Thomas, in which a young girl is snatched from her parents as a child.
Her story, considerably altered, formed the basis for the once - popular opera Mignon (1866) by Ambroise Thomas.
El siguiente titulo sera Hamlet, de Ambroise Thomas, con una de las mejores sopranos coloratura del momento: Natalie Dessay.
Contains arias by Daniel Auber, Hector Berlioz, Georges Bizet, Leo Delibes, Charles Gounod, Edouard Lalo, Jules Massenet, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Jacques Offenbach, Gioachino Rossini, Ambroise Thomas, and Giuseppe Verdi.
They concern French opera to 1720, tragedie lyrique from Jean-Philippe Rameau through Gioacchino Rossini, and opera comique from its origins through Ambroise Thomas (1:161-261,2:537-609, and 4:47-1201.
This was only accomplished, after the "prodigious inertia" of the Auber regime, at the opening of the directorship of Ambroise Thomas, in 1871.
Lekeu is barely tolerant of Charles Gounod, contemptuous of Ambroise Thomas, and merciless with Jules Massenet.