Amedeo Modigliani

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Modigliani, Amedeo

(ämādĕ`ō mōdēlyä`nē), 1884–1920, Italian painter, b. Livorno. In Paris after 1906, Modigliani first worked as a sculptor and was influenced by the works of Constantin BrancusiBrancusi, Constantin
, 1876–1957, Romanian sculptor. Brancusi is considered one of the foremost of modern artists. In 1904 he went to Paris, where he worked under Mercié. He declined Rodin's invitation to work in his studio.
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, cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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, and African art. Soon, however, he developed a unique style in painting, creating sensuous nudes and singular portraits characterized by an elongation of form, a purity of line, a sense of sculptural mass, and a languorous atmosphere reminiscent of Florentine mannerismmannerism,
a style in art and architecture (c.1520–1600), originating in Italy as a reaction against the equilibrium of form and proportions characteristic of the High Renaissance.
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. Although known to other artists and many Parisian intellectuals, he remained largely unknown to the public during his short life, which was one of poverty, dissipation, and disease. Shortly after his death from tuberculosis, his portraits and figure studies became highly prized by collectors. Modigliani is particularly well represented in the Art Institute of Chicago and the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.


See biographies by W. Fifield (1978) and M. Secrest (2011); studies by J. Modigliani (1958), J. T. Soby (1963), A. Werner (1967), C. Mann (1985), A. S. Pfannsteil and B. Schuster (1986), A. Kruszynski (1996), D. Autkrystof (2000), K. Wayne (2002), M. Restilinni (2003), and M. Klein et al. (2004).

Modigliani, Amedeo


Born July 12, 1884, in Leghorn, Italy; died Jan. 25, 1920, in Paris. Italian painter and sculptor. Representative of the school of Paris.

Modigliani studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence. He lived in Paris from 1906. The creative work of H. de Toulouse-Lautrec, P. Cézanne, and P. Picasso, as well as African plastic arts, influenced his work. As a sculptor he developed under the influence of C. Brancuşi, gravitating toward simplified geometric forms and elongated proportions (Head, limestone, 1913; Tate Gallery, London). His style of painting, with its decorative flatness, sharp, laconic composition, musical silhouette and linear rhythms, and rich color, became defined at the beginning of the second decade of the 20th century. In his paintings, most of which are one-figure portraits and nudes, Modigliani created a special world of images—intimate and individual, but at the same time similar in their melancholy preoccupation with themselves. The paintings’ unusual psychologism, permeated with nuances, and their lucid poetic character are combined with a constant and, at times, tragic sense of man’s vulnerability (Leopold Zborowski, 1917, Museum of Art, São Paulo; Elvira, 1919, private collection, Bern; Reclining Nude, 1919, Museum of Modern Art, New York).


Vilenkin, V. V. Amedeo Modiriani. Moscow, 1970.
Valsecchi, M. Amedeo Modigliani. Milan, 1955.
Sichel, P. Modigliani: A Biography of Amedeo Modigliani. New York, 1967.
I dipinti di Modigliani. Milan, 1970.


References in periodicals archive ?
study Andy Warhol's art, noting his use of flat colors, examine work by Amedeo Modigliani, and his simplification of shapes and lines, then draw a color portrait inspired by either artist.
2Lady with Fan by Amedeo Modigliani shows a rather sour-faced lady holding a fan.
He also took Olive Tree near Estaque by Georges Braque, Woman with a Fan by Amedeo Modigliani and Still Life with Chandeliers by Fernand Leger.
The other stolen works are La pastorale by Henri Matisse, L'olivier pres de l'Estaque by Georges Braque, La femme Ea l'eventail by Amedeo Modigliani, and Nature morte aux chandeliers by Fernand Leger.
Michael Craig-Martin, who taught Damien Hirst and Julian Opie, is a guest curator at Tate Liverpool Marcel Duchamp Fountain, [umlaut] Succession Marcel Duchamp/ ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London, 2009 Th St Re AD Lo he Future of tatues, 1937, by ene Magritte, [umlaut] DAGP, Paris and DACS, ondon, 2008 Salvador Dali's Lobster Telephone, 1936, [umlaut] Salvador Dali, Gala-Salvador Dali Foundation, DACS, London 2009 Head by Amedeo Modigliani, c1911-12, [umlaut] Tate Dame Barbara Hepworth's Corinthos, 1954-55, [umlaut] Bowness, Hepworth Estate
Flemish masterpieces rub shoulders with works by artists such as Jean Fouquet, Titian, Frans Hals, Auguste Rodin and Amedeo Modigliani.
About the same time, his attention turned as well toward another influence on which modern sculptors such as Amedeo Modigliani, Barbara Hepworth and Constantin Brancusi built the aesthetic edifices of their philosophical primitivism: the blank white geometry of ancient Cycladic sculpture.
Most familiar were those based on advertising circulars for art supply and frame stores, which faithfully reproduce layouts, wording, and images ranging from the generic prints included in new picture frames to Amedeo Modigliani reproductions.
When Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920) arrived in Paris at the age of twenty-two, he trailed behind him, in lieu of luggage, memories of the great masters of his own recently united country.
2007 Praha Quartet Amedeo Modigliani (France)-- Winner of AFAA Declic and Young Concert Artists New York; Vladimir Leixner, Cello 17.
THE ITALIAN artist Amedeo Modigliani lived hard, behaved terribly, played head games with Picasso, never made any money and had tuberculosis.
Leading Expressionists included Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc, and Amedeo Modigliani.