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Name of Egyptian pharaohs of the 12th dynasty (Middle Kingdom).

Amenemhet I Founder of the dynasty, ruled circa 2000–1970 B.C. He fought to weaken the power of the local nomarchs (district rulers), replaced the old nomarchs with aristocrats devoted to him, and established new boundaries between the nomes (districts). He launched a campaign against Palestine, made war on the Libyans, and conquered the region of Vavat in the south. His “Sermon” to his son Senusret has come down to us.

Amenemhet II Ruled 1934–1896 B.C. and continued the policy of economic and military penetration into Cush and the land of Punt in East Africa.

Amenemhet III Ruled circa 1849–1801 B.C. The period of his reign is known as the period of the second flourishing of Egypt, for it saw the intensive building of temples, the expansion of copper mines on the Sinai Peninsula, and the construction of irrigation works, mainly in the Faiyum Oasis, where an artificial reservoir—Lake Moeris—was built. The Greek historian Strabo reports that King La-mares (possibly Amenemhet III) constructed a huge building near Faiyum (in northern Egypt), which the Greeks called the Labyrinth.

Amenemhet IV Ruled circa 1801–1792 B.C.


References in periodicals archive ?
This in turn leads him to suggest a new solution to the problem of the possible coregency of Amenemhat I and Senwosret I, in which the reigns of the two kings overlap by three years, with Senwosret I receiving his coronation in Amenemhet I's twenty-eighth year.
1937) (remarking a witnessed will dating to the reign of Amenemhat III in Egypt, c.
That large pool of social memory would include the words, ideas and deeds of other liberators like Lumumba, Nkrumah, Malcolm, Cabral, Fanon and Diop, Williams, Douglass and Sojourner, and reach all the way past the medieval stares to the time of unifiers like Amenemhat and the prototype of them all, Menes the leader, who unified Kemet more than 5,000 years ago.
Of the Pharaonic sites, Lahun Pyramid was built over thirty-eight centuries ago, seven or eight centuries after the Great Pyramids of Giza, by the architect Anupy for King Senwosret II, fourth king of the 12th Dynasty, grandfather of Amenemhat III.
Residents in the Giza village of Dahshur proceeded to construct a cemetery last week near the Black Pyramid, also known as the Pyramid of Amenemhat II, a tomb more than 3,500 years old.
The gold plaque shows Pharaoh Amenemhat IV offering a perfume vase to Atum, the creator god, with the hope of pleasing him.
In his narrative, Haggard focuses on the struggle of Harmachis, the son of Amenemhat, the hereditary priest and ruler of Abouthis, to re-establish the rule of the Egyptian pharaohs and to rid his land of the hated Macedonian rulers.
The fragment belongs to the naos honoring the 12th Dynasty King Amenemhat I, who ruled around 4,000 years ago, which is now in the Ptah temple of Karnak in Luxor.
Arnold, curator of Egyptian art at the Met and an archaeologist involved with excavations of the site, has produced a detailed and well-organized account of the tomb architecture of the Lisht site, where 26 tombs have been excavated, located around the pyramids of Amenemhat I and Senwosret I.
One tablet contains hieroglyphic writing that refers to King Amenemhat III, who ruled Egypt around 3,800 years ago.
At the Stele Ridge quartz/carnelian mines (at the northeastern end of the region) we located a new sandstone stele of Amenemhat II, showing the king making offerings to Hathor, with several horizontal lines of hieroglyphic inscription below.
While this may accurately (albeit simplistically) characterize the political events of the First Intermediate Period (a more detailed overview appears in Seidlmayer 2006b), Morenz fails to take fully into account the cultural continuities that follow the reign of Montuhotep II, overlooking the persistent regionalism (and even conflict) that extends through the reign of Amenemhat I (useful studies include Arnold 1991; Brovarski 2010; Darnell 2003; Willems 1982-83).