Name of Egyptian pharaohs of the 12th dynasty (Middle Kingdom).

Amenemhet I Founder of the dynasty, ruled circa 2000–1970 B.C. He fought to weaken the power of the local nomarchs (district rulers), replaced the old nomarchs with aristocrats devoted to him, and established new boundaries between the nomes (districts). He launched a campaign against Palestine, made war on the Libyans, and conquered the region of Vavat in the south. His “Sermon” to his son Senusret has come down to us.

Amenemhet II Ruled 1934–1896 B.C. and continued the policy of economic and military penetration into Cush and the land of Punt in East Africa.

Amenemhet III Ruled circa 1849–1801 B.C. The period of his reign is known as the period of the second flourishing of Egypt, for it saw the intensive building of temples, the expansion of copper mines on the Sinai Peninsula, and the construction of irrigation works, mainly in the Faiyum Oasis, where an artificial reservoir—Lake Moeris—was built. The Greek historian Strabo reports that King La-mares (possibly Amenemhet III) constructed a huge building near Faiyum (in northern Egypt), which the Greeks called the Labyrinth.

Amenemhet IV Ruled circa 1801–1792 B.C.


References in periodicals archive ?
This in turn leads him to suggest a new solution to the problem of the possible coregency of Amenemhat I and Senwosret I, in which the reigns of the two kings overlap by three years, with Senwosret I receiving his coronation in Amenemhet I's twenty-eighth year.
The pyramid, which was once white but now is black, is believed to have been built by Amenemhet III to mark his final resting place.
Amenemhet Ashenafi, formerly D'Andra Freeman (Class of 2002), held almost all of the Falcons' football rushing records at the end of his career, as well as several league records.
Lichtheim who discusses the tomb inscription of Amenemhet, which is "teaching" for his descendants, but in the form of positive and negative autobiography (1992:116-117).
The entire original text of the teachings (Lehre) of Amenemhet are presented in this volume in a line-by-line format, with notes, bibliography, and commentary on the facing page.
Pharaoh Amenemhet III built the Labyrinth Pyramid in Hawara.
As a matter of fact, the origins of autobiography can be traced back to the twelfth dynasty (1991-1962 BC) of ancient Egypt, in the writings of Amenemhet (Kramer 20).
Pharaoh Amenemhet IV (1772-1763) oversaw widespread irrigation and temple building projects, and centralized the pharaoh's authority.
Ihy and Hetep, two high priests who served the pharaoh Amenemhet I, devised the burials, each of which lies at the end of an underground shaft connected to an above-ground temple.
The admission of failures in The Teaching for Merikare and The Teaching of King Amenemhet obviously serves as a darker background to the supposedly more promising reigns of their successors.
Further, judging from the almost routine notation of armies departing for and returning from Palestine in Amenemhet II's Mit Rahina inscription, this route may have been especially wen frequented by Egyptians.