Amenhotep III


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Amenhotep III: Amenhotep IV, Akhenaton, Tutankhamun, Horemheb

Amenhotep III

(ä'mĕnhō`tĕp, ā'–) or

Amenophis III

(ă'mĕnō`fĭs), d. c.1372 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty. He succeeded his father, Thutmose IVThutmose IV
or Thothmes IV
, reigned c.1406–1398 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty, son and successor of Amenhotep II. He invaded Asia and Nubia, and formed alliances with independent kings neighboring his Syrian tributaries.
..... Click the link for more information.
, c.1411 B.C. His reign marks the culmination and the start of the decline of the XVIII dynasty. It was the age of Egypt's greatest splendor; there was peace in his Asian empire (in spite of incursions by Bedouins and Hittites), and he invaded Nubia only once. This was the period of extreme elaboration in Egyptian architecture and sculpture. Amenhotep III built extensively at Thebes, Luxor, and Karnak. His wife TiyTiy
, fl. 1385 B.C., queen of ancient Egypt, wife of Amenhotep III. Of humble origin, she was remarkable for her influence in state affairs in the reigns of her husband and of Ikhnaton, her son.
..... Click the link for more information.
 was given an unprecedented position as queen consort and exerted much influence over her husband and his son and successor, IkhnatonIkhnaton
or Akhenaton
[Egyptian,=Aton is satisfied], d. c.1354 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (c.1372–1354 B.C.), of the XVIII dynasty; son and successor of Amenhotep III. His name at his accession was Amenhotep IV, but he changed it to honor the god Aton.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (Amenhotep IV). The sources of the "solar monotheism" of the god Aton, elaborated by Ikhnaton, may be traced to the reign of Amenhotep III. Tablets found at Tell el AmarnaTell el Amarna
or Tel el Amarna
, ancient locality, Egypt, near the Nile and c.60 mi (100 km) N of Asyut. Ikhnaton's capital, Akhetaton, was in Tell el Amarna. About 400 tablets with inscriptions in Akkadian cuneiform were found there in 1887.
..... Click the link for more information.
 shed light on the sociopolitical conditions in Egypt and Asia Minor in the 14th cent. B.C.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Fletcher (2000) and A. P. Kozloff (2011); study by D. O'Connor (2001).

Amenhotep III

, Amenhotpe III
Greek name Amenophis. ?1411--?1375 bc, Egyptian pharaoh who expanded Egypt's influence by peaceful diplomacy and erected many famous buildings
References in periodicals archive ?
It is "definitive evidence of the co-regency between Amenhotep III and Amenhotep IV," said antiquities minister Mohamed Ibrahim in a statement, referring to Akhenaten by his early title.
As for King Tut's mother, "If we follow the speculation mentioned above with regards to Tutankhamen's father, his mother is most likely either Queen Tiye, the consort of King Amenhotep III or the extremely famous, Queen Nefertiti, the consort of King Akhenaton," said Dr Hawass.
The comparison of the Mycenae fragments to Egyptian foundation deposit bricks as put forward by Hankey and Cline following Geoffrey Martin (Hankey 1980) is superficially apt, although I have found only one Amenhotep III brick for comparison (Weinstein 1973: 215 no.
The statue was one of a set that stood on the north side of the peristyle court of the temple, and shows Amenhotep III (reigned 1386-49BC) wearing the red crown of Lower Egypt.
In February 2013, in Luxor, statues of Amenhotep III underwent restoration .
Amenhotep III, or Amenophis III, was the ninth pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty of ancient Egypt.
The first document is a dedicatory text of Amenhotep III found on a newly-discovered statue from the Luxor Temple cache.
The statues were discovered by the German mission at the archaeological site in Amenhotep III (1410 BCE -1372 BCE) temple.
Significant archaeological discoveries in 2008 include the intact statue of Queen Tiy, a powerful Pharaonic queen from ancient Egypt's 18th dynasty and wife of King Amenhotep III.
According to a report by BBC News, the sculpture, depicting the pharaoh Amenhotep III, who died in 1375 BC, was smuggled out of Egypt in 1990, breaching laws banning export of antiques over 100 years old.
One of Amenhotep III statues is being prepared to be moved
According to the British Museum, King Amenhotep III revered Sekhmet and had a large quantity of her statues erected in his mortuary temple in Western Thebes.