Amenhotep III


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Related to Amenhotep III: Amenhotep IV, Akhenaton, Tutankhamun, Horemheb

Amenhotep III

(ä'mĕnhō`tĕp, ā'–) or

Amenophis III

(ă'mĕnō`fĭs), d. c.1372 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty. He succeeded his father, Thutmose IVThutmose IV
or Thothmes IV
, reigned c.1406–1398 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty, son and successor of Amenhotep II. He invaded Asia and Nubia, and formed alliances with independent kings neighboring his Syrian tributaries.
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, c.1411 B.C. His reign marks the culmination and the start of the decline of the XVIII dynasty. It was the age of Egypt's greatest splendor; there was peace in his Asian empire (in spite of incursions by Bedouins and Hittites), and he invaded Nubia only once. This was the period of extreme elaboration in Egyptian architecture and sculpture. Amenhotep III built extensively at Thebes, Luxor, and Karnak. His wife TiyTiy
, fl. 1385 B.C., queen of ancient Egypt, wife of Amenhotep III. Of humble origin, she was remarkable for her influence in state affairs in the reigns of her husband and of Ikhnaton, her son.
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 was given an unprecedented position as queen consort and exerted much influence over her husband and his son and successor, IkhnatonIkhnaton
or Akhenaton
[Egyptian,=Aton is satisfied], d. c.1354 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (c.1372–1354 B.C.), of the XVIII dynasty; son and successor of Amenhotep III. His name at his accession was Amenhotep IV, but he changed it to honor the god Aton.
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 (Amenhotep IV). The sources of the "solar monotheism" of the god Aton, elaborated by Ikhnaton, may be traced to the reign of Amenhotep III. Tablets found at Tell el AmarnaTell el Amarna
or Tel el Amarna
, ancient locality, Egypt, near the Nile and c.60 mi (100 km) N of Asyut. Ikhnaton's capital, Akhetaton, was in Tell el Amarna. About 400 tablets with inscriptions in Akkadian cuneiform were found there in 1887.
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 shed light on the sociopolitical conditions in Egypt and Asia Minor in the 14th cent. B.C.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Fletcher (2000) and A. P. Kozloff (2011); study by D. O'Connor (2001).

Amenhotep III

, Amenhotpe III
Greek name Amenophis. ?1411--?1375 bc, Egyptian pharaoh who expanded Egypt's influence by peaceful diplomacy and erected many famous buildings
References in periodicals archive ?
Titles such as "Prince" and "Princess" distinguish the buried as members of the families of the two pharaohs Thutmosis IV and Amenhotep III who are also buried in the Valley of Kings.
Summary: Archaeologists unveiled two colossal statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III in Egypt's famed temple city of Luxor Sunday, adding to an existing pair of world-renowned tourist attractions.
Summary: German-Armenian archaeologist says 'world until now knew two Memnon colossi, but from today it will know four colossi of Amenhotep III.
Ancient statue of King Amenhotep III's daughter unearthed in Egypt A statue of the daughter of King Amenhotep III, grandfather of Tutankhamen and ruler of Egypt around 3,350 years ago, has been unearthed by a team of Egyptian and European archaeologists.
The twin statues, over 18 meters (60 feet) tall each, are of Pharaoh Amenhotep III, who was worshipped as a deity.
For example, the beef ribs buried with the in-laws of Pharaoh Amenhotep III around 1350 B.
A powerful diorite head of the lion-headed goddess Sekhmet, believed to be from a monumental enthroned figure which once probably adorned the great temple of Amenhotep III at Thebes, sold to dealer Danny Katz for $4.
Riaan Booysen seeks to tell the story of the Thera volcano's unrest, and how the Amenhotep III, ordered a sacrifice of all the first born to appease the Gods, and how his own first born was saved .
That was a temple which Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep III built for his wife Queen Tiye, grandmother of the boy pharaoh Tutankhamen.
They belonged to a housewife called Merit and her husband Kha, who was an architect to Joann's favourite pharaoh, Amenhotep III.
One such king was Amenhotep III, who ruled Egypt between 1797 and 1892 BCE and had a dam constructed in the Fayoum near Lahun to maintain the water of the Nile in Lake Qarun.
Les traits caracteristiques de la statue revelent qu'elle remonte a l'ere du roi Amenhotep III de l'Etat moderne.