Amenhotep III

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Related to Amenophis III: Amenhotep III, Amenophis IV, Amenophis II

Amenhotep III

(ä'mĕnhō`tĕp, ā'–) or

Amenophis III

(ă'mĕnō`fĭs), d. c.1372 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty. He succeeded his father, Thutmose IVThutmose IV
or Thothmes IV
, reigned c.1406–1398 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty, son and successor of Amenhotep II. He invaded Asia and Nubia, and formed alliances with independent kings neighboring his Syrian tributaries.
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, c.1411 B.C. His reign marks the culmination and the start of the decline of the XVIII dynasty. It was the age of Egypt's greatest splendor; there was peace in his Asian empire (in spite of incursions by Bedouins and Hittites), and he invaded Nubia only once. This was the period of extreme elaboration in Egyptian architecture and sculpture. Amenhotep III built extensively at Thebes, Luxor, and Karnak. His wife TiyTiy
, fl. 1385 B.C., queen of ancient Egypt, wife of Amenhotep III. Of humble origin, she was remarkable for her influence in state affairs in the reigns of her husband and of Ikhnaton, her son.
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 was given an unprecedented position as queen consort and exerted much influence over her husband and his son and successor, IkhnatonIkhnaton
or Akhenaton
[Egyptian,=Aton is satisfied], d. c.1354 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (c.1372–1354 B.C.), of the XVIII dynasty; son and successor of Amenhotep III. His name at his accession was Amenhotep IV, but he changed it to honor the god Aton.
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 (Amenhotep IV). The sources of the "solar monotheism" of the god Aton, elaborated by Ikhnaton, may be traced to the reign of Amenhotep III. Tablets found at Tell el AmarnaTell el Amarna
or Tel el Amarna
, ancient locality, Egypt, near the Nile and c.60 mi (100 km) N of Asyut. Ikhnaton's capital, Akhetaton, was in Tell el Amarna. About 400 tablets with inscriptions in Akkadian cuneiform were found there in 1887.
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 shed light on the sociopolitical conditions in Egypt and Asia Minor in the 14th cent. B.C.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Fletcher (2000) and A. P. Kozloff (2011); study by D. O'Connor (2001).

Amenhotep III

, Amenhotpe III
Greek name Amenophis. ?1411--?1375 bc, Egyptian pharaoh who expanded Egypt's influence by peaceful diplomacy and erected many famous buildings
References in periodicals archive ?
20) When the three main types of neglect are considered, the evidence shows that, contrary to the traditional view, there are a higher overall number of complaints to Amenophis III than to Akhenaton.
Similarly brief but informative, EA 70 from the Amenophis III corpus is likewise included.
If the Rib-Addi evidence were considered in the most superficial way, then the analysis could simply tally how many times Rib-Addi actually makes a claim of negligence against Amenophis III and then against Akhenaton.
Taking into account the probable motivation behind Rib-Addi's usage of these complaints, it would appear that at least ten of fourteen concerning the king's negligence in the Amenophis III corpus are closely related to the war with Abdi-Asirta and the Apiru.
Although not as instantly resplendent as the gold and precious stones we associate with Tutankhamun's tomb treasures, the Amenophis III exhibition is none the less impressive.
Following the military successes of his predecessors, the reign of Amenophis III from 1391 to 1353 BC, pharaoh of the XVIIIth dynasty, represents a long period a peace and harmony.
Two large sphinxs open a perspective on the colossal pink granite head of Amenophis III himself.
Examples of Queen Ty's jewellery and personal items, such as her cosmetic spoons help us detached impression of "the great Royal wife", as she is referred to in hieroglyphic accounts of the period of Amenophis III.
Amenhotep III, or Amenophis III, was the ninth pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty of ancient Egypt.
These 70ft seated statues were knocked up by Amenophis III, who loved his wife, his mistress and the 317 damsels he kept for cold winter nights so much that he called his palace The House of Joy.