elm

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Related to American elms: Ulmus americana

elm,

common name for the Ulmaceae, a family of trees and shrubs chiefly of the Northern Hemisphere. Elm trees (genus Ulmus) have a limited use as hardwoods for timber, especially the rock or cork elm (U. thomasi). Tall and graceful, with fan-shaped crowns of finely subdividing branches and twigs, elms are widely planted as ornamental and shade trees, chiefly the American, or white, elm (U. americana) and the English, or Wych, elm (U. campestris) of N and central Europe and W Asia. Tolerant of urban conditions, both species are among those plants attacked by the fungus known as Dutch elm disease (see fungal infectionfungal infection,
infection caused by a fungus (see Fungi), some affecting animals, others plants. Fungal Infections of Human and Animals

Many fungal infections, or mycoses, of humans and animals affect only the outer layers of skin, and although they are sometimes
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), but disease-tolerant varieties have been propagated. The mucilaginous inner bark of the slippery elm (U. fulva) is used medicinally in cough drops. Some species of the genus Celtis (the hackberries of America and the nettle trees of the Old World) are cultivated for their edible fruit. False sandalwood (Planera aquatica) is a member of the elm family; its fragrant wood is used in cabinetmaking. The elm family is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Urticales.

elm

A tough, strong, moderately high-density hardwood of brown color; often has a twisted interlocked grain; used for decorative veneer, piles, and planks.A softwood of the temperate climates including Douglas fir, white fir, silver fir, and balsam fir; used for framing and interior trim. See also: Douglas fir
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elm

elm

Tall tree, over 100ft. Leaves edible, can be marinated in sauce and dried into snack “chips”. Bark tea used for colds, cramps, diarrhea, bleeding (astringent), hemorrhoids, cancer, coughs.

Elm

 

several species of plants from the genus Ulmus of the family Ulmaceae. The trees are deciduous and blossom in early spring before the leaves appear.

The best-known elm in Europe is the Russian elm (Ulmus laevis), a tree up to 35 m tall with fruits (key-fruits) on long peduncles. In the USSR the elm usually grows in broad-leaved forests. Along the floodlands of rivers and the shores of lakes it advances on the north to the taiga, to 63° N lat.; on the south it extends to the semidesert of the Caspian region. The tree is long-lived, frost-resistant, and grows in fertile soils that are sufficiently moist. Elms are used in city landscaping and in plantings around bodies of water. The Siberian elm (U. pumila) is a small tree with small, naked, sessile key-fruits; when cultivated, it reaches a height of 27 m. It is a variety suitable for open spaces, as it is quick-growing, drought-resistant, and salt-resistant; in addition, it is not subject to Dutch elm disease. The Siberian elm grows in the arid regions of Asia, in southern Europe, North America, and Argentina. It is used in protective plantings and in city landscaping. Bigfruit elm (U. macrocarpa) is a low tree with downy, large (up to 4 cm) sessile key-fruits. Corklike excrescences often form on the branches. Bigfruit elm usually migrates by means of root offshoots. It grows among rocks and in the scree along rivers. It can be used in antierosion plantings. The Siberian elm and bigfruit elm are Asian species, growing wild in the Baikal region, in the Far East, in Mongolia, China, and on the Korean Peninsula. Karagach (U. dens a) is grown in Middle Asia and Transcaucasia. The wood of all elms is used in the construction and furniture industries.

I. A. GRUDZINSKAIA


Elm

 

(Ulmus), a genus of deciduous, more rarely evergreen, trees of the family Ulmaceae. Height, up to 40 m; diameter, up to 2 m. The leaves are alternate, simple, and biserrate. The flowers are monoecious and small, usually gathered into bundles or capitula. The fruits are dry flattened achenes, often alate.

Elms blossom in early spring, before the leaves appear; the fruit usually ripens in May. Some American and Chinese species blossom and produce fruit in autumn.

There are more than 30 species of Ulmus in the temperate, and less often the torrid, zones of the northern hemisphere. In the USSR there are ten species in the European part, the Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Transbaikalia, Middle Asia, and Far East, including U. glabra, U. japonica, and U. laciniata. They are all frost-resistant and require dampness and fertile soil. Many species are used as greenery and in protective forestry. The wood is used in construction and the furniture industry; in India and Tibet the leaves and young branches are used to feed cattle.

elm

[elm]
(botany)
The common name for hardwood trees composing the genus Ulmus, characterized by simple, serrate, deciduous leaves.

elm

A tough, strong, moderately high-density hardwood of brown color; often has twisted, interlocked grain. Common in cultivation for shade and ornament; used for decorative veneer, piles, and planks.

elm

1. any ulmaceous tree of the genus Ulmus, occurring in the N hemisphere, having serrated leaves and winged fruits (samaras): cultivated for shade, ornament, and timber
2. the hard heavy wood of this tree

elm

(messaging)
A full-screen MUA for Unix, MS-DOS, MS Windows, and OS/2.

Usenet newsgroup: news:comp.mail.elm.

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References in periodicals archive ?
American elm gets Dutch elm disease, which has decimated the species as a landscape plant.
American elm may not rank up there with prime oak firewood, but it is still a very adequate fuel.
Not an American elm, not its Siberian cousin either--not one of those "you've seen 'em all" trees that everyone else had (although there is, in fact, also a Siberian elm back there toward the southwest corner)--but a dainty little pear tree right in the middle of it all.
One of his American elms survived at the White House until 1991.
While this durable, DED-tolerant elm may once again fill our parks and grace street sides with true American elms, Jefferson won't be available to consumers for about 4 years.
Scientific confirmation of resistance to Dutch elm disease among some pure American elms gave the Park Service several to choose from, and the Princeton's tall, arching, and fast-growing form made it the logical choice.
American elms were planted everywhere until the early 1940's, when Dutch elm disease spread rapidly.
A group of saplings growing in an Ohio meadow represent what researchers hope will be a brighter future for America's beloved but almost vanished American elm.
Being able to breed an American elm that could flourish again in our cities would be a huge contribution to the urban forests of this country since the American elm is widely recognized at the best urban tree ever to grace our streets.
One--the national champion American elm, in Grand Traverse County, Michigan--has recently been declared dead from Dutch elm disease.
And the plan to remove healthy, mature trees has provoked an outcry from tree lovers, including Capitol landscape architect Matthew Evans, who reportedly persuaded the powers that be to amend their plans in order to spare a 50-year-old American elm.
American elms are among the most popular, including the "Jefferson elm" in front of the Freer Gallery of Art (Jefferson Drive at 12th Street SW; Metro: Smithsonian on blue and orange lines; Mall exit).

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