Sarracenia

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Related to American pitcher: Sarracenia purpurea, Purple pitcher plant, North American pitcher plant

Sarracenia

 

(pitcher plant), a genus of plants of the family Sarraceniaceae. Pitcher plants are insectivorous perennial herbs. The rhizome, which reaches 25–30 cm in length and grows for 20 to 30 years, annually forms rosettes of pitcher-shaped leaves. The leaves, which measure up to 75–100 cm long and 5–8 cm across, usually have reddish veins and in bright sunlight often turn completely red. The species S. flava, commonly known as trumpets, has yellowish green leaves with red venation. The flowers of pitcher plants are solitary, large (4–10 cm across), and pentamerous; the petals are yellow (S. flava) or reddish purple. The style is broadened at the top into an umbrella-like structure that covers the stamens.

There are ten species of pitcher plants, distributed in North America, mainly along the eastern seaboard of the USA. The most common species is S. purpurea. Pitcher plants grow mainly in swampy forests and in sphagnum marshes.

References in periodicals archive ?
Commonly known as American pitcher plants, their leaves developinto pitchers that trap flies,bees, wasps and other insects attracted to the leaf by its colour and the secretion of nectar around the lip.
Stands of American pitcher plants (Sarracenia) have been reduced by 90 percent; the Venus flytrap is barely hanging on along a beleaguered stretch of coastal North and South Carolina.
As the first African American pitcher in the major leagues, he helped break the color barrier, and not just on the baseball field.