Americans with Disabilities Act

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Americans with Disabilities Act,

U.S. civil-rightscivil rights,
rights that a nation's inhabitants enjoy by law. The term is broader than "political rights," which refer only to rights devolving from the franchise and are held usually only by a citizen, and unlike "natural rights," civil rights have a legal as well as a
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 law, enacted 1990, that forbids discrimination of various sorts against persons with physical or mental handicaps. Its primary emphasis is on enabling these persons to enter the job market and remain employed, but it also outlaws most physical barriers in public accommodations, transportation, telecommunications, and government services. Among the protected class are persons with AIDS and substance abusers who are in treatment. Some 50 million current or potential workers are estimated to be covered by the law's provisions. Studies suggest that the number of disabled persons entering the workforce has not improved significantly, and that a contributing factor may be their reluctance to lose (e.g., because personal income would exceed statutory maximums) other benefits available to them on the basis of their disabilities. The act has already been much litigated. In 1999, for instance, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that correctable conditions like eyesight requiring the use of glasses do not qualify as disabilities under the act, and a 2002 decision established that a disability must limit a person's ability to perform tasks of central importance not just in the workplace but in daily life. In response to some interpretations of the act that narrowed its enforcement, Congress enacted amendments in 2008 that were designed to make the law more inclusive.

Americans with Disabilities Act

(ADA)
A federal law that defines requirements for handicapped access to public facilities, as described in the ADA Guidelines. It requires removal of existing barriers, except any that would be harmful to the historic significance of a structure.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

A federal law, enacted in 1990, requiring that public accommodations be accessible to those having physical disabilities; this law mandates that existing physical barriers be replaced or modified so there are no impediments to access by the physically disabled. For detailed information, write the US Equal Employment Opportunities Commission, 1801 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20507. See American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Standard A117.1-1992. Also see Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards and physical disability.
References in periodicals archive ?
election of its first deaf president in 1998, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 have helped bring awareness to ASL.
Zunker also reminded counselors that the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA; West, 1993) requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations to individuals with disabilities.
It also addresses two federal laws that prohibit discrimination against individuals with disabilities: the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
Camp Directors Primer to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 by the National Camp Executives Group
Other areas of the law also pertain to accessibility, such as the broader Section 504 that gives disabled individuals equal access to "a college, university, or other post secondary institution, or public system of higher education," and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (www.
With the ratification of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Jones figured this was an untapped market.
The Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 - Prohibits employment discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities, mental as well as physical.
EQUAL EMPLOYMENT Opportunity Commission(EEOC) has settled its first court action challenging the use of workplace genetic testing under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA).
Since then, the disability rights movement has followed the civil rights movement to astonishing legislative success, culminating in the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
Similar in scope to facility design changes required by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the FCC rule requires that inexpensive changes to telecommunications equipment be made immediately and that service providers distribute this equipment so that it is widely available.
New civil rights laws, including the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and the Civil Rights Act of 1991, have aided the rise in cases.

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