Amir Khusrau

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Amir Khusrau

 

Born 1253 in Patiali (now Uttar Pradesh); died 1325 in Delhi. Indian poet, scholar, and musician. Turkish by descent; wrote in Persian, Urdu, and Hindi; popular also among the Persians and Tadzhiks. Court poet of India.

Amir Khusrau’s intimacy with the Sufi dervish order Chishti is reflected in his work: in his poetry he eulogized Nizamaddina Aulia, the head of the order, calling him a spiritual mentor. Amir Khusrau left many works of poetry, literary criticism, and history. His lyrics were collected in five divans: The Gift of Youth (written 1272), The Middle of Life (1284), The Plenitude of Perfection (1293), The Elected Remainder (1316), and The Summit of Perfection (1325). Romantic poems are prominent among his work—an example is Dawalrani Khizrkhan, based on themes from court life. He created a five-part work on the model and themes of the poems of Nizami: The Ascent of the Luminaries (1298), Shirin and Khosrov (1298), Medjun and Leila (1298), The Mirror of Iskander (1299), and Eight Heavenly Gardens (1301). Amir Khusrau made use of Indian folk tales; however, he made many vital modifications in their plots. Anthologies of poems, riddles, and sayings attributed to Amir Khusrau and written in Hindi have survived. Kkhalibari, a dictionary of synonyms containing Arabic, Persian, and Hindi words, has also been attributed to him. He composed many tesnifs (folk romances) in Urdu, which are performed by Indian singers.

WORKS

Mesnevi khasht bekhesht. Aligarh, 1336 A.H. (A.D. 1957).

REFERENCES

Bertel’s, E. E. Roman ob Aleksandre i ego glavnye versii na Vostoke. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Storey, C. A. Persian Literature: A Bio-bibliographical Survey, section 2, fasc. 3. London, 1939.
Muhammad Wahid Mirza. The Life and Works of Amir Khusrau. Calcutta, 1935.
Arberry, A. J. Classical Persian Literature. London, [1958].
References in periodicals archive ?
The singers sang the poetry of Khawaja Ghulam Fareed, Baba Bulleh Shah, Amir Khusro and others sufi saints.
She demanded non-vegetarian delicacies and said she wanted to visit Hazrat Amir Khusro Dargah to seek blessings for children.
Melodious strains of the harmonium, dholak and tabla instruments provided solid continuity as Farid Ayaz wove in recitation of Amir Khusro poetry and other Sufi Kalam.
The Foreign Office said the visit of the Pakistani Zaireen to participate in the Urs of Hazrat Amir Khusro (RA) in Delhi scheduled for August 22 to 29, 2013 has been cancelled after the tensions flared between the two countries over the August 6 Line of Control (LoC) incident.
The seminars included Mir Seminar (1991), Iqbal Seminar (1992), Ghalib Seminar (1993), Afsana Seminar (1994), Amir Khusro Seminar (1995), Mir Anis Seminar (1996), Akbar Allahabadi Seminar (2003), Hali Seminar (2006), Zauq Seminar (2007), Nazir Akbarabadi Seminar (2009) and Bahadur Shah Zafar (2011).
Chand Nizami started the concert with the famous sufiana qawwali composed by Sufi saint Amir Khusro Man Kunto Maula.
The qawwals have had a long journey to cover, which has not been properly documented, and so it is very difficult to say how qawwali was sung in the 700 odd years since the days of Amir Khusro in the 13th century.
She wanted to visit mazar of Hazrat Amir Khusro in Delhi.
WHEN AMIR Khusro, sufi mystic and the father of qawwali, penned down his poems in Persian and Hindavi, he wanted his lines not just to evoke love and respect for Allah and Prophet Mohammed, but also convey messages of brotherhood and comradeship.
ISLAMABAD -- Ministry of Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony has asked the interested intending pilgrims to submit their applications for participating in Urs of Hazrat Amir Khusro by February, 27.
From the essence of pre-partition Daur-e-Nawab and Amir Khusro s Shdi Kalms, to the post partition 1950s film era glam of vintage cars and the retro-era of cat eye liners of the 70s, as well as an interpretation of current ongoing trends, the new Eid line honored several eras of the century gone by.
It was once home to great poets like Amir Khusro, Ferozeshah, Mir, Ghalib and Dara Sikoh.