sex discrimination

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sex discrimination

the practice whereby one sex is given preferential treatment over the other sex. In most societies this is observed as discrimination favouring men as against women.

In those societies characterized by patriarchal relations (see PATRIARCHY), women are systematically and routinely discriminated against in all areas of social life, that is, in both the PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SPHERES of social activity. Sexual discrimination is therefore institutionalized, and in this sense can be compared with racial discrimination. Sexist ideologies and discourses serve to reinforce such practices, thereby granting them legitimation and normalizing them. Importantly, sexual discrimination can be both implicit and explicit, overt and covert. Thus legislation designed to control discriminatory practices on the basis of sex differences, tends to be of limited effect, for example, the Sex Discrimination Act of 1975. Women in patriarchal societies are discriminated against in areas such as employment, political and religious office, housing and major areas of social policy, in relation to property and in both civil and criminal law. Women's position in the class structure, and other major social divisions such as age and race, may either reinforce or weaken the impact of sex discrimination. See also DUAL LABOUR MARKET, SEXUAL DIVISION OF LABOUR.

References in periodicals archive ?
In an unusual political alliance between his party, the Partido Comunista Costarricense, and the Catholic Church, Calderon pushed forward a very socially oriented policy, creating institutions such as the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social (CCSS)--which includes a system of universal health care--and the state Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR) and also gave the country it's Codigo de Trabajo.
The bid to win EXPO 2010 has spurred an unusual political alliance between Mayor Luzhkov, Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Kasyanov, and President Vladimir Putin, all of whom have publicly advocated Moscow's selection by the IBE.