Anacardiaceae


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Related to Anacardiaceae: Apocynaceae, Sapindales

Anacardiaceae

[‚an·ə‚kärd·ē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of flowering plants, the sumacs, in the order Sapindales; many species are allergenic to humans.

Anacardiaceae

 

(cashews), a family of dicotyledonous plants. The family consists largely of trees and shrubs, although woody lianas and, less frequently, subshrubs are also encountered. The small flowers, which are usually regular and unisexual, are in panicled inflorescences. The fruit is often a drupe or nut.

There are as many as 80 genera, embracing about 600 species. They are distributed predominantly in the tropics of both hemispheres; a few species occur in Southern Europe and in the temperate belts of Asia and the Americas. There are six species in the USSR: two are found exclusively on Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, and the remaining four occur in the Southern European USSR, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia.

The family includes a number of species with edible fruits and seeds, for example, the pistachio, mango, and cashew. Lacquers are obtained from a number of species, including those of the genus Rhus (sumac). Species of Rhus and Aspidosperma yield tannins. Resins, gums, mastics, vegetable wax, cooking and industrial oils, dyes, medicines, and valuable lumber are obtained from various Anacardiaceae species. Some species contain poisonous or caustic substances. The family includes species that are cultivated as ornamentals.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Analysis of generic relationships in Anacardiaceae.
Usos principales de las especies de Anacardiaceae, particularmente del Paraguay.
Table I The occurrence of complete staminodial whorls in the Magnoliatae as derived from (ob)diplostemonous or dicyclic androccia (a) Family Tribe, genus, or species Alliaceae Allium, Trichlora, Gilliesia Anacardiaceae Pentaspadon Bombacaceae Chorisia Bonnetiaceae Ploiarium, Archytaea Brexiaceae Brexia, Ixerba Burseraceae Santiria Caesalpiniaceae Dimorphandra Caryophyllaceae Paronychia, Herniaria, Habrosia, Schiedea, etc.
Other families contributing more than one plant per family included the Araceae, Asteraceae, Moraceae, Solanaceae and Verbenaceae families (three plants per family), and the Acanthaceae, Anacardiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Poaceae, Rutaceae and Zingiberaceae families (two plants per family).
Anacardiaceae, known in Argentina as "chichita" or "molle de Cordoba", is a tree which grows in South America, especially in Argentina, Brasil and Uruguay.
Species Family Common Name Spondias mombin Anacardiaceae Jobo Guatteria diospyroides Annonaceae / Guatteria lucens Annonaceae / Cecropia insignis Cecropiaceae Guarumo Cecropia peltata Cecropiaceae Guarumo Clusia peninsulae Clusiaceae / Hieronyma alchomeoides Euphorbiaceae Zapatero-Pilon Ocotea cernua Lauraceae Aguacatillo 0 cote a ira Lauraceae Aguacatillo Ocotea puberula Lauraceae Aguacatillo Miconia argentea Melastomataceae Lengua de vaca Trichilia tuberculata Meliaceae / Ficus americana Moraceae Higueron Ficus benjamina Moraceae Higueron Ficus costaricana Moraceae Higueron Ficus zarzalensis Moraceae Higueron Virola koschnyi Myristicaceae Fruta dorada Virola sp.
belongs to family Anacardiaceae commonly called Hog plum and in native language--Yeyeor akika, in Yoruba, tsdat-iamaruda or tsadar masar in Hausa and Ijikara in Igbo (10).
Hydrolysable tannins are present in some families of Angiosperms dicotyledons and some families of Fagaceae, Anacardiaceae and Geraniaceae [10].
The emphasis on tightness, restriction, inability to move freely, and a desire to get up and move around frequently matched quite well the Anacardiaceae (cashew) family.
Non L AA-15-07 Amaranthus dubius Thell W Leaves AA-23-07 Anacardiaceae Rhus vulgarius Meikle W Fruit AA-31-07 Mangifera indica L.
DRACONTOMELUM DAO AND OTHER SPECIES OF THE FAMILY ANACARDIACEAE