Anadyr


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Anadyr

(ənədĭr`), river, c.695 mi (1,120 km) long, rising on the Anadyr Plateau, NE Russian Far East, and flowing S then E into Anadyr Bay, an inlet of the Bering Sea. The Anadyr basin, a lowland between the Anadyr and Koryak ranges, is mostly covered by tundra. There are gold deposits near the river's mouth. The city of Anadyr (1989 pop. 17,000), capital of Chukotka Autonomous Area, is a port on the bay.

Anadyr’

 

(before 1920, Novo-Mariinsk), a city (before 1965, a settlement) and administrative center of the Chukchi National Okrug in Magadan Oblast, RSFSR. The city’s location on the shore of Anadyr’ Gulf and the Bering Sea permits direct sea routes between Anadyr’ and Petropa-vlovsk (Kamchatka), Vladivostok, Magadan, and various settled points in the Chukchi National Okrug. There are also air routes between Anadyr’ and Moscow, Khabarovsk, and Magadan. The population was 12,000 in 1967. Industry consists of a fish hatchery and coal mining. There is a pedagogical school, a museum of local lore, and a television center.


Anadyr’

 

a river in the Chukchi National Okrug, Magadan Oblast, RSFSR. Its length is 1,150 km, and the area of its basin is 191,000 sq km. It rises in the central part of the Anadyr’ Plateau. At first it flows south; after entering the lowland, it flows mainly east but changes its direction several times, winding around mountain ranges; it drains into the Onemen Bay of the Anadyr’ Gulf (Bering Sea). In the upper reaches the valley is narrow. In the middle and lower reaches it is a typical lowland river: at times there is no well-formed valley, and at other times the river breaks up into several branches. It is 6–7 km wide at the mouth. The main tributaries are the Iablon, Eropol, and Main on the right and Chineiveem, Belaia, and Taniurer on the left. It is fed by snow and rain. The annual rate of flow from an area of 106,000 sq km (254 km from the mouth) is about 1,000 cu m/sec. The river freezes in middle or late October and often in September in the upper reaches; the ice melts in late May or early June. The river is navigable for small vessels up to the village of Markovo (570 km) and a little higher at times of high water. There is fishing in the lower reaches and coal extraction in the basin.

In 1648 the explorer S. I. Dezhnev reached the mouth of the Anadyr’ and erected a winter headquarters, which later became the Anadyr’ jail; in the 18th century Dm. Laptev reached the Anadyr’ and left a description of it.

Anadyr

1. a town in Russia, in NE Siberia at the mouth of the Anadyr River. Pop.: 6586 (1993 est.)
2. a mountain range in Russia, in NE Siberia, rising over 1500 m (5000 ft.)
3. a river in Russia, rising in mountains on the Arctic Circle, south of the Anadyr Range, and flowing east to the Gulf of Anadyr. Length: 725 km (450 miles)
4. Gulf of. an inlet of the Bering Sea, off the coast of NE Russia
References in periodicals archive ?
Matthew Island in late August 1851, and Captain Abraham Pierce (1854) of the Kutusoff reported that bowheads were taken in the western part of the Gulf of Anadyr in July 1853; others were reported captured on the south shore of the Chukchi Peninsula in Holy Cross Bay (Zaliv Kresta) in June 1866 (Hegemann, 1890:410-412).
Box 16, Anadyr, Chukotka, 689000, Russia; e-mail: nzhelez@nmc.
During Belopolsky's stay in that region (1930-31), Eskimos harvested two Steller sea lions off the northern coast of the Anadyr Gulf (Kresta Bay and Bering Cape, Fig.
For example, "Elgar" in Anadyr has its own fleet of rental tracks, a craft branch, and a large dog kennel to serve musters in the International Hope Race.
Brief preliminary report on marine mammals of the Anadyr Region (1930-1931) [Predvaritel'nye dannye po izucheniyu morskikh mlekopitayushchikh Anadyrskogo rayona (po rabotam v 1930-1931 gg)].
The full circumnavigation disembarks in Anadyr, Russia.
The majority of the Bering Sea population appear to spend the winter in ice-free areas of the Bering Sea, while some may overwinter in polynyas of the Bering Strait and Chukchi Sea, and in the Gulf of Anadyr and Bristol Bay (Hazard, 1988; Frost and Lowry, 1990).
Kirsten will lead three End of an Era expeditions from Anadyr, Russia to Resolute, Canada in 2010.
1): 1) Liaodong Gulf (Huang, 1962; Wang, 1986; Dong and Shen, 1991); 2) Peter the Great Bay (Kosygin and Tikhomirov, 1970; Trukhin and Kosygin, 1988); 3) the western coast of Sakhalin Island in the Tatar Strait; 4) the eastern coast of Sakhalin Island extending to northern Hokkaido; 5) northern Shelikova Gulf (Fedoseev, 1970; Kosygin and Gol'tsev, 1971; Shaughnessy and Fay, 1977); 6) northeast from Kronotsky Cape on the eastern side of the Kamchatka Peninsula (Burkanov(4)) to Olyutorski Gulf; 7) the Gulf of Anadyr in the Northwest Bering Sea; and 8) from Bristol Bay, Alaska, to west of the Pribilof Islands (Gol'tsev et al.
The drillship will be constructed utilizing the hull mid- section of a former Russian navy vessel, the Anadyr, which was acquired earlier this year by Pride.
Lawrence Islands and the Gulf of Anadyr (Bogoslovskaya et al.
The consortium plans to base its floating production system on major conversion of an existing Finnish-built supply vessel, The Anadyr, which will be completely rebuilt to provide storage capacity of 300,000 barrels, together with facilities for gas lift and gas and water injection.