Thiruvananthapuram

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Thiruvananthapuram

(tĭr'o͞ovənŭn'təpo͝or`əm), formerly

Trivandrum

(trĭvăn`drəm), city (1991 pop. 826,255), capital and largest city of KeralaKerala
, state (2001 provisional pop. 31,838,619), 15,003 sq mi (38,858 sq km), SW India, on the Arabian Sea. Thiruvananthapuram is the capital. A wet tropical climate and coastal lowlands support cultivation of rice, coconuts, tapioca, and spices; the interior hills produce
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 state, SW India, a port on the Arabian Sea. The city is a transportation hub. Industries include software, tourism, biotechnology, sugar refining, and textile and handicraft production, but government provides much of the employment. The city was the capital of the former state of TravancoreTravancore
, former princely state, 7,622 sq mi (19,741 sq km), SW India, on the Arabian Sea. It is now in Kerala state. The region of Travancore has coastal lowlands (protected by lagoons) and a hilly interior, including the Cardamom Hills.
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 and of Travancore-Cochin. The Sri Padmanabhaswamy temple (contructed 800s–1700s) is noted for the rich treasure in its vaults. A rocket launching station is located at Thumba, northwest of Thiruvananthapuram.