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a city in the Krasnodar Krai of the RSFSR, primarily a children’s health resort featuring warm climate and mineral muds. Located on the northeastern shore of Anapa Bay on the Black Sea, 33 kilometers from the Tonnel’naia railroad station, on the Krasnodar-Novorossiisk railroad; there is a connecting highway. Population in 1968, 23,000.

In ancient times there was a settlement of Sindhis —Sindskaia Harbor (or Sindika)—where Anapa now stands. After its annexation by the kingdom of the Bosporus in the fourth century B.C., this settlement was known as Gorgippiia. Turkey seized it in 1475 and transformed it into a powerful fortress in 1781–82. It was annexed to Russia by the Adrianople Treaty of 1829. A city since 1840, Anapa became a health resort in 1866.

Anapa offers a moderately moist, warm climate with mild winters and very warm summers, sun cures, sea bathing from June to October along a sandy beach that gently slopes into the sea, mineral silt mud, and mineral springs. There are treatments for patients with nontubercular respiratory diseases, functional diseases of the nervous system, gynecological disorders, anemia, and other problems. It has sanatoriums, rest homes, and boarding houses for mothers and children that are open all year.

In Anapa food and light industrial enterprises serve the health resort. Also located there are an agricultural technical school and a museum of regional studies. Wine is made in the region in local vineyards.

References in periodicals archive ?
Its operator Basel Aero-part of the Basic Element Group-also runs Krasnodar, Gelendzhik and Anapa airports, and has ploughed investment into Sochi in recent years.
Mark Dickinson is the latest mini hero, taking a bronze medal in the European Schoolboy Championships in Anapa, Russia.
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A German travel guide, The Russian Black Sea Coast: On the Road Between Sochi and Anapa, describes this up-market and idyllic location:
From Ekaterinburg it also will serve Sochi (daily), Anapa (five-times-weekly in June, six-times-weekly beginning in July), Mineralnye Vody (twice-weekly), Krasnodar (twice-weekly) and Gelendzhik (thrice-weekly via Moscow Domodedovo).
Jose and Komal Saxena for support in preparing the article, and to Anapa Burman, Rakhi Burman, Preeti Verma and our team of investigators for their efforts at eliciting information on these sensitive topics.
Reuters quoted the Ukrainian Emergencies Ministry as confirming the airliner flying from southern Russia's Anapa to St.
The Pulkovo Airlines' Tu-154 was en route from Anapa, a holiday destination on the Russian Black Sea coast, to St Petersburg when it hit a severe thunderstorm over Ukrainian airspace on Tuesday, and crashed after sending repeated distress signals.
The flight was on its way to St Petersburg from the Black Sea resort of Anapa when it crashed near Donetsk, Ukraine on 22 August.
The Pulkovo Airlines Tu-154 was en route from the Russian Black Sea resort of Anapa to St Petersburg when it disappeared from radar screens while flying over eastern Ukraine at about 11.
Many years ahead of her time, she was acting mayor of her home town of Anapa on the Black Sea, was a published poet in her early twenties and eventually immersed herself in social service to fellow emigres.
After the day-and-a-hall tour, Connie traveled to Anapa near the beautiful Black Sea with Valery Kostin, Russian representative of CCUSA for the conference.