Anastasio Somoza Debayle

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Somoza Debayle, Anastasio

(änästäs`yō sōmō`sä thābī`lā), 1925–80, president of Nicaragua (1967–72, 1974—79). The younger son of dictator Anastasio SomozaSomoza, Anastasio
, 1896–1956, president of Nicaragua (1937–47, 1950–56). After the end (1933) of U.S. military intervention in Nicaragua, he rose to power as head of the national guard.
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, he was educated in the United States. He assumed command of the national guard at age 21 and was elected president in 1967. Barred from immediate reelection, he resigned (1972), nominally yielding power until the 1974 elections; however, as commander of the corrupt and brutal national guard, he effectively retained power. As president, he dealt ruthlessly with opposition. By the late 1970s, his regime was denounced by human-rights organizations and by the U.S. government, and support for violent insurrection spread. Somoza fled Nicaragua on the eve of the revolutionary victory in 1979. He was assassinated in Paraguay.
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Later, he learned that the rector was a cousin of Nicaragua's brutal dictator, Anastasio Somoza Debayle.
The INSS is simply too cash strapped, says its director Roberto Lopez, who blames the agency's money woes on former dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle (1967-1979) and on the conservative governments that led Nicaraguan between 1990, when Ortega lost a re-election bid to Violeta Chamarro, and 2007, when he was finally able to squeeze back into power (NotiCen, Jan.
In 1979, Nicaragua experienced a revolution, when a socialist group called the Sandinista National Liberation Front overthrew the government of Anastasio Somoza DeBayle.
They describe the immediate interference in Nicaraguan affairs by the US after formal independence in the 19th century, including invasion and occupation between 1912 and 1933 and the US-sponsorship of the Somoza dictatorial dynasty through to the overthrow of Anastasio Somoza Debayle by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) in 1979.
Thousands of people have gathered in Managua, the Nicaraguan capital, to mark 30 years since the Sandinista revolution that overthrew Anastasio Somoza Debayle, Nicaragua's then authoritarian leader.
Ostensibly centered on a particular episode and individual, Anastasio Somoza Debayle (Somoza III), the work incorporates a wide range of background information, including startling details about clandestine operations.
Anastasio Somoza Debayle was in power in Managua and ordered his soldiers to lock up the international aid that was arriving at the airport in order to keep it for his kleptocratic government.
18) Anastasio Somoza Debayle, Somoza Garcia's second son, and perhaps the most infamous member of the Somoza dynasty, served as commander of the National Guard, and assumed the presidency in 1967.
He went to Nicaragua, where he collaborated with the Frente Sandinista de Liberacion Nacional (FSLN) and in 1980 led a commando group that assassinated former Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle in Paraguay.
Prior to 1979, the national government under the leadership of the dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle treated the East Coast with benign neglect.
Dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle pocketed most of the foreign aid and failed to rebuild the city Seven years later, Somoza bombed much of it before fleeing the country as the Sandinistas came to power.
Somoza was succeeded by his two sons, first Luis Somoza Debayle (1956-1967) and then Anastasio Somoza Debayle (1967-1979).