Anatolii Petrovich Aleksandrov

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Aleksandrov, Anatolii Petrovich

 

Born Jan. 31 (Feb. 13), 1903, inTarashchi, Kiev Oblast. Soviet physicist. Became an academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (AN SSSR) in 1953; had been a corresponding member since 1943. Member of the CPSU since 1962. Member of the Central Committee of the CPSU since 1966.

After graduating in 1930 from Kiev University, Aleksandrov worked at the Physical and Technological Institute of the AN USSR. He directed the Institute of Physical Problems of the AN SSSR during 1946–55; in 1960 he became director of the I. V. Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy. Aleksandrov has worked on the physics of dielectrics and the properties of high molecular compounds. He proposed a statistical theory of the stability of solids. In 1936 he developed a method of protecting ships from mines which was used in the Great Patriotic War. Since 1946 he has been working on nuclear reactors, including those for the atomic energy industry. He is twice a Hero of Socialist Labor (1954, 1960) and recipient of the Lenin Prize (1959) and State Prizes of the USSR (1942, 1949, 1951, 1953). Aleksandrov was awarded six Orders of Lenin and other orders and medals. He was a deputy of the Fifth and Sixth Supreme Soviets of the USSR.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1997 he captured the World Boxing Council (WBC) World Junior Lightweight crown from Azumah Nelson, and then defended his title against contenders Anatoly Alexandrov, Carlos Genera and Carlos Famoso Hernandez.
The Bulgarian is not renowned as a heavy puncher but stopped Anatoly Alexandrov inside a round to win the European title in London last month.
He needed less than a round to win the European title at the York Hall in Bethnal Green when he stopped Anatoly Alexandrov last month.
Overseas: Little-known Brazilian fighter Acelino Freitas won the WBO super-featherweight title with a first-round knockout of champion Anatoly Alexandrov of Russia in Le Cannet, France.
The 25-year-old meets fellow Welshman Chris Williams in a warm-up before a crack at his old title, now held by Russian Anatoly Alexandrov.
Freitas (26-0, 26 KOs), of Brachia, Brazil, will be making the fifth defense of the WBO 130-pound title he won on a first-round knockout over Anatoly Alexandrov on Aug.
In the end the governing body chose Julien Lorcy of France and Russia's Anatoly Alexandrov to dispute the vacant championship.
Russia's Anatoly Alexandrov stopped Arnulfo Castillo of Mexico to retain his WBO super featherweight title.
The popular, aggressive, hard-punching Freitas captured the WBO 130-pound title with an eighth-round TKO over Anatoly Alexandrov on Aug.
Frank Warren's Sports Network organisation insist this is a world title fight, with the winner to box Anatoly Alexandrov of Russia on August 7 in France.
Also fighting: Hernandez defends his WBC junior lightweight title against Anatoly Alexandrov.