Anaximander


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Anaximander

(ənăk'sĭmăn`dər), c.611–c.547 B.C., Greek philosopher, b. Miletus; pupil of ThalesThales
, c.636–c.546 B.C., pre-Socratic Greek philosopher of Miletus and reputed founder of the Milesian school of philosophy. He is the first recorded Western philosopher. Thales taught that everything in nature is composed of one basic stuff, which he thought to be water.
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. He made the first attempt to offer a detailed explanation of all aspects of nature. Anaximander argued that since there are so many different sorts of things, they must all have originated from something less differentiated than water, and this primary source, the boundless or the indefinite (apeiron), had always existed, filled all space, and, by its constant motion, separated opposites out from itself, e.g., hot and cold, moist and dry. These opposites interact by encroaching on one another and thus repay one another's "injustice." The result is a plurality of worlds that successively decay and return to the indefinite. The notion of the indefinite and its processes prefigured the later conception of the indestructibility of matter. Anaximander also had a theory of the relation of earth to the heavenly bodies, important in the history of astronomy. His view that man achieved his physical state by adaptation to environment, that life had evolved from moisture, and that man developed from fish, anticipates the theory of evolution.

Bibliography

See studies by P. Selegman (1974), C. H. Kahn (3d ed. 1994), and C. Rovelli (tr. 2011).

Anaximander

611--547 bc, Greek philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician who believed the first principle of the world to be the Infinite
References in periodicals archive ?
A man of towering intellect, Anaximander lived and studied in the city of Miletus (located off the west coast of Turkey).
philosopher Anaximander of Miletus for an early description of the concept of metaxy.
But unlike fellow Ionian philosophers--Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximenes--of whom virtually no writings survive, we have a significant number of fragments or close paraphrases from Heraclitus' book, On Nature.
Anaximander, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Plotinus, Lao-Tzu, Nagarjuna.
himself admits (543-46), for someone like Anaximander who gives priority to becoming over being, an intrinsically indeterminate reality like to apeiron is more perfect than the determinate entities to which it gives rise.
We know that there were maps from the time of Anaximander (sixth century BC) on.
One does not trace the givenness of Being to an endless series of messages, Seinsgeschicke, which, in the West at least, began with Anaximander.
20) A similar example is found in Aristotle, who says that Anaximander and others held that earth remains still "because of indifference.
Indeed, the Presocratic philosopher Anaximander helped to found geography as a science in the sixth century B.
This collection of readings from roughly 600 BCE to 600 CE includes passages from the early Greeks, starts with Milesian monists (Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes) and proceeds briskly through iconoclasts, eleatic monists, pluralists and sophists.
Heisenberg is especially apt for this intensely self-conscious contribution to humanity's historical-cultural development because his stature as a principal originating architect of quantum theory at its most fundamental level is complemented by his deployment of an unusually broad and deep erudition in and a lifelong preoccupation with philosophic and artistic ontology from Anaximander through Kant and Goethe to Heidegger.
Again Birmingham illuminates Arendt by exploring the source of her thinking in Heidegger, this time through Arendt's own critique of the discussion of physis in Heidegger's Anaximander fragment.