Meroë

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Meroë

(mĕr`ōē), ancient city in N Sudan, on the east bank of the Nile, N of Khartoum. In the mid-6th cent. B.C., Meroë replaced NapataNapata
, ancient city of Nubia, just below the Fourth Cataract of the Nile. From about the 8th cent. B.C., Napata was the capital of the kingdom of Cush. Many great temples like those of Thebes were built here by Taharka (XXV dynasty). The Cushite capital was later moved (c.
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 as the central city of the Cushite dynasty (see CushCush
or Kush
. 1 Son of Ham and father of the Asian nation of the same name, perhaps the same nation as one of similar name in E Mesopotamia. Gen. 10.8; 1 Chron. 1.10. 2 Benjamite opposed to David. Ps. 7, title.
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) and from 530 B.C. until A.D. 350 served as the capital of the dynasty. By the 1st cent. B.C., Meroë was a major center for iron smelting. It is believed that knowledge of iron casting was carried (7th–10th cent.) from the middle Nile to the middle Niger by a great African overland route. Among Meroë's extensive ruins are royal palaces (6th cent. B.C.) and a temple of Amon. Nearby are cemeteries and three groups of pyramids.

Meroe

 

an ancient city in the Sudan, between the fifth and sixth cataracts of the Nile (the ruins of Meroe are 5 km north of present-day Kabushia). Beginning in the second half of the sixth century B.C., it was the capital of Cush (the Meroitic kingdom). A settlement existed on the site of Meroe as early as the Neolithic period. The city’s location near deposits of iron ore and at the intersection of caravan routes aided its rise. Circa 330–340 A.D. Meroe fell to the Axum kingdom. Excavations of the city were led by the British archaeologist J. Garstang from 1909 to 1914. The American scholar George Reisner studied the royal necropolises between 1920 and 1923.

REFERENCE

Katsnel’son, I. S. Napata i Meroedrevnie tsarstva Sudana. Moscow, 1970.
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