Linköping

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Linköping

(lĭn`chö'pĭng), city (1990 pop. 82,450), capital of Östergötland co., S Sweden, near Lake Roxen. It is a commercial, industrial, and transportation center. Manufactures include motor vehicles, railroad cars, airplanes, electrical appliances, and processed food. An episcopal see since 1120, Linköping flourished in the Middle Ages as an intellectual and religious center. In 1598, Sigismund IIISigismund III,
1566–1632, king of Poland (1587–1632) and Sweden (1592–99). The son of John III of Sweden and Catherine, sister of Sigismund II of Poland, he united the Vasa and Jagiello dynasties.
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, king of Sweden, was defeated by the future Charles IXCharles IX,
1550–1611, king of Sweden (1604–11), youngest son of Gustavus I. He was duke of Södermanland, Närke, and Värmland before his accession. During the reign of his brother, John III (1568–92), he opposed John's leanings toward Catholicism.
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 at nearby Stangebrů and soon thereafter was formally deposed. Linköping has a splendid Romanesque cathedral (12th cent.; rebuilt 1230s), which has a 344-ft (105-m) spire. The city also has a 13th-century castle (restored 1931–32), a large library, and a university.

Linköping

 

a city in eastern Sweden, on the Stångå River near where it flows into Lake Roxen and becomes part of the Göta Canal system. The capital of the county (län) of Östergöt-land. Population, 104,600 (1971). Linköping is an ancient industrial, commercial, and cultural center. The city’s industries include machine building (including motor vehicles and airplanes) and the production of ball bearings and wire, as well as textile, garment, chemical, furniture, and food enterprises. A branch of the University of Stockholm and a polytechnical institute are located in the city. Linköping was founded in 1120.

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